Select an episode from the dropdown menu above. This will take you to the top level (published) draft of the chosen episode, our default starting point for exploration of the text. A side menu appears, highlighting the current document in the draft hierarchy. (Top and side menus scroll and collapse.)


Choose any 'draft level' from the side menu that adjoins each Episode. Nested within the categories of editions, proofs, typescripts, faircopy, and protodrafts are links to all available earlier versions of an episode. Also available here is the 'isotext', our synoptic edition.


Customise your view to display or hide 'Notons' and 'Footnotes' (indicated in blue and by the ยบ symbol, respectively). Click a noton to explore Joyce's use of notebook units. Hover over a footnote for details of textual variants. Notons and footnotes are 'on' by default; toggle them 'off' for a clear-reading view.

Other Options

  • For an interpretive gloss on the text, select an Episode from the 'Chicken Guide' dropdown menu.
  • Select an Episode from the 'Draft Analysis' menu for a detailed account of the compositional history of that episode.
  • Click on 'Notebooks' for transcriptions of the notebooks and notesheets, a chronology of their composition, and a list of sources.
  • Consult the 'Appendix' for four chronological lists related to Finnegans Wake: publications, letters, addresses, and a compositional history.


  • Digital versions of the 1939 and 2010 printed editions
  • Page proofs and placards of the 1939 edition
  • Typescripts
  • Faircopy
  • Proto drafts
  • The Isotext (a synoptic edition)
  • Notons (textual elements linked to notebook entries)
  • Footnotes (details of textual variants)
  • Draft Analysis (compositional histories)
  • Notebooks (linked transcriptions)
  • Appendix (textual and biographical chronologies, 'A Chicken's Guide')
  • Updates & further acknowledgements

    We periodically update the site to add new features and/or to incorporate new information (sources, scholarly attributions, revisions, corrections, etc.) as we develop them and/or as they are made known to us.
    NOTE: Users of the Finnegans Wake notebooks are recommended to install Ian Gunn's WAKE font (obtainable here) as it renders the famous sigla (e.g. “H”) in the way they should appear (i.e. not as “H”!).
    • August 2018: In addition to implementing a number of corrections and revisions, on the suggestion of a correspondent we have added a link to further information at the head of each draft level and notebook page.
    • For corrections and new information, in particular numerous additions and corrections to notebook N5 (VI.B.2), we would like to thank Robbert-Jan Henkes and Viviana-Mirela Braslasu.
    • December 2018: For numerous corrections to, and additional placings for, the Finnegans Wake notebook entries, especially those relating to I.6 and III.4, we are grateful to Vincent Deane.
    • January 2019: Acting on a suggestion by Ronan Crowley we have updated all the notebook/notesheet links to include direct links (from the notons) to the relevant notebook/notesheet edition. It is unfortunate, however, that because we are as yet unable to include all the Finnegans Wake notebook editions these links in most cases go nowhere! We have also begun the task (also suggested by Ronan) of highlighting the particular phrases lifted by Joyce from his sources.
    • Once again we are indebted to Vincent Deane for numerous corrections and substantial new information relating to the Finnegans Wake notebooks.
    • April 2019: For further corrections and additions to the placings, sources, etc. for the Finnegans Wake drafts and notebooks, we are grateful to Vincent Deane, Robbert-Jan Henkes and Viviana-Mirela Braslasu.
    • May 21, 2019: For further corrections and additions to the placings, sources, etc. for the Finnegans Wake drafts and notebooks, we are again grateful to Vincent Deane, Robbert-Jan Henkes and Viviana-Mirela Braslasu.
    • August 2, 2019: Most of the improvements in the notebook units (the notons) in this update follow the work of Ian MacArthur, Viviana-Mirela Braslasu and Robbert-Jan Henkes communicated either personally or gleaned from their contributions to Genetic Joyce Studies, or both. For a fuller understanding of the context of Joyce's use of individual sources the user of the Archive is encouraged to read the original articles: click on the source title in the unit noton; this brings up a source noton which has a direct link to the relevant article. Alternatively, the individual GJS articles links can be found in the list of sources.
    • August 21, 2019: In this update, missing notebook VI.D.2 has been substantially improved by incorporating recent discoveries of Robbert-Jan Henkes and Viviana-Mirela Braslasu.
    • September 15, 2019: For this update numerous corrections have been made to the notebooks, notesheets and their associated notons. Some links have been reconfigured.
    • March 11, 2020: Ian MacArthur and Viviana-Mirela Braslasu have provided a number of corrections and additions for the notons, as well as a few new placings in the drafts.
    • March 22, 2020: Viviana-Mirela Braslasu hss provided numerous corrections and new details for notebook VI.B.46, which has been substantially updated.
    • March 28, 2020: A list of corrections by Vincent Deane has been incorporated, together with further notes and source quotations in VI.B.46 by Viviana-Mirela Braslasu and John O'Hanlon.
    • April 10, 2020: Viviana-Mirela Braslasu has revised the Buddha and King Arthur notes in VI.B.46, in addition to providing further corrections.
    • April 29, 2020: Thanks to Vincent Deane, Ian MacArthur, and Skaar for emendations to the notebooks.
    • June 6, 2020: For this major update, Stacey Herbert has re-designed the appearance of the notebooks, the notebook descriptions and the source lists. Thanks are also due to Vincent Deane and Skaar for emendations to many details.
    • June 17, 2020: In this update, the re-design has been extended to the draft analyis and the source lists.
    • July 17, 2020: The Finnegans Wake notebooks and their associated notons have been substantially improved for this update thanks to the work of Viviana-Mirela Braslasu, Ian MacArthur, Geert Lernout, and Dirk Van Hulle. We have also added the “names” that have recently begun to be attached to several of the notebooks by Robbert-Jan Henkes and the above-named scholars.
    • August 11, 2020: The VI.C scribal notebooks and related links have been revised. Thanks to Skaar for pointing out errors and inconsistencies.
    • August 21, 2020: Vincent Deane and Skaar have supplied corrections to the notebooks.
    • October 4, 2020: For this update we have updated the draft analysis. Thanks also to Skaar and Vincent Deane for corrections and additions.
    • October 19, 2020: Among other details, the I.7 prototexts have been revised following corrections supplied by Skaar.
    • October 22, 2020: Thanks to Ian MacArthur and Skaar for further revisions.
    • November 14, 2020: Thanks to Skaar and Robbert-Jan Henkes for notebook revisions.
    • November 19, 2020: Thanks to Skaar and Vincent Deane for further corrections.
    • December 9, 2020: Thanks to Vincent Deane for further corrections.
    • January 23, 2021: Thanks to Raphael Slepon for corrections to the notebooks.
    • February 2, 2021: Thanks again to Raphael Slepon, Vincent Deane and Mark West for numerous corrections.
    • February 23, 2021: Vincent Deane and Raphael Slepon have provided yet more corrections.
    • March 4, 2021: Further emendations from Vincent Deane and Raphael Slepon have been incorporated.
    • March 19, 2021: Further emendations from Vincent Deane and Raphael Slepon to the notebooks have been incorporated. Also thanks to Viviana-Mirela Braslasu and Robbert-Jan Henkes for a list of new names for several of the notebooks.
    • April 13, 2021: Thanks to Raphael Slepon for numerous notebook corrections.
    • April 24, 2021: The pages in N53(VI.B.46) re'ating to Secret Lnguages have been rewritten. Thanks also to Ian MacArthur, Raphael Slepon and Vincent Deane for draft and notebook corrections.
    • May 21, 2021: Thanks to Raphael Slepon, Kent Skaar, Robbert-Jan Henkes and Viviana-Mirela Braslasu.
    • June 3, 2021: Thanks to Vincent Deane and Kent Skaar for further notebook corrections.
    • June 29, 2021: Thanks to Raphael Slepon,Vincent Deane and Kent Skaar for further corrections.

    A Chicken's Guide to Finnegans Wake

    We have augmented the Finnegans Wake volume of the JJDA by integrating into it a revised and expanded version of Understanding Finnegans Wake: a guide to the narrative of James Joyce's masterpiece first published in 1979 by Garland. Its purpose is twofold: to enable the reader to follow Joyce's otherwise unreadable book and, once the idea that the book is at least in principle followable, to marvel at how much better its prose is and sounds, whether or not one understands it, when compared to the ordinary prose of the Guide.