What course did Bloom and Stephen follow returning?
Lower and Middle Gardiner streets and Mountjoy square, west. Then, bearing left, Gardiner's place by an inadvertence as far as the farther corner of Temple street. Then, bearing right, Temple street, north, as far as Hardwicke place. They crossed the circus before George's church diametrically, the chord in any circle being less than the arc which it subtends.
Of what did they speak during their itinerary?
Music, literature, Ireland, Dublin, Paris, friendship, woman, diet, the influence of gaslight or the light of arc and glowlamps on the growth of adjoining trees, the Roman catholic church, jesuit education, careers, the study of medicine, the past day,º Stephen's breakdown.
Did Bloom discover similarity between their respective reactions to experience?
Both were sensitive to artistic
impressions,º musical in preference to
pictorial. Both preferred a
continental to an
insular manner of life. Both indurated by early domestic training and an
inherited tenacity of resistance professed their disbelief in many accepted
religions, national, social and ethical doctrines. Both admitted the
stimulating and obtunding influence of heterosexual magnetism.
Were their views on some points divergent?
Stephen dissented openly from Bloom's views on the importance of dietary
and civic selfhelp while Bloom dissented tacitly from Stephen's views on the eternal affirmation of the spirit of man in literature. The collapse which Bloom ascribed to gastric inanition and certain chemical compounds of varying degrees of adulteration and alcoholic strength Stephen attributed to the reapparition of a matutinal cloud at first no bigger than a woman's hand.
Was there one point were equal and negative?
The influence of gaslight or electric light on the growth of adjoining trees.
Had Bloom discussed similar subjects during nocturnal perambulations in the past?
In 1884 with Owen Goldberg and Cecil Turnbull. In 1885 with Percy Apjohn. In 1886 occasionallyº with casual acquaintances. In 1888 frequently with major Brian Tweedy and his daughter Miss Marion Tweedy, together and separately. Once in 1892 and once in 1893 with Julius (Juda)º Mastiansky.
What actionº did Bloom make on their arrival at their destination?
At the housesteps of number 7 Eccles street he put his hand mechanically into the back pocket to get his latchkey.
Was it there?
It was in the corresponding pocket of the trousers which he had worn on the day but one preceding.
Why was he doubly irritated?
Because he had forgotten and because he remembered that he had reminded himself twice not to forget.
What were then the alternatives?
To enter or not to enter. To knock or not to knock.
A stratagem. He climbed over the area railings, compressed his hat on his head, grasped the lower parts of two rails, lowered his body gradually by its length of five feet nine inches and a half to within two feet ten inches of the area pavement,º and allowed his body to move freely in space by separating himself from the railings and crouching in preparation for the impact of the fall.
Did he fall?
By his weight of ten stone and four ounces in
measure, as certified by the graduated machine for
selfweighing in the premises of Francis
Froedmanº, pharmaceutical chemist of 19
Frederick street, north, on the last feast of the Ascension, to wit, the twelfth day of May of the
year one thousand nine hundred and four of the christian eraº.
Did he rise uninjured?
He rose uninjured though shocked by the impact, raised the latch of the area door by leverage,º entered the kitchen through the scullery, ignited a lucifer match by friction, set free inflammable coal gas by turning on the ventcock, lit a high flame which, by regulating, he reduced to quiescent candescence and lit finally a portable candle.
Where was Stephen meanwhile?
Reclined against the area railings he perceived through the transparent kitchen panes a man regulating a gasflame, a man lighting a candle, a man removing in turn each of his two boots, a man leaving the kitchen holding a candleº.
Did the man reappear elsewhere?
After a lapse of four minutes the glimmer of his candle was discernible through the glass fanlight over the halldoor. The halldoor turned gradually on its hinges. In the open space of the doorway the man reappeared without his hat, with his candle.
Did Stephen obey his sign?
Yes, entering softly, he helped to close and chain the door and followed softly along the hallway the man's back and candle past a lighted crevice of doorway on the left and carefully down a turning staircase of more than five steps into the kitchen of Bloom's house.
What did Bloom do?
He extinguished the candle by a sharp ejection of breath upon its flame,
drew two spoonseat
deal chairs to the
hearthstone, one for Stephen with his back to the area window, the other for
himself when necessary, knelt on one knee,
composed in the
grate a pyre of crosslaid resintipped sticks and various coloured papers and
best Abram coal at
twentyone shillings a ton from the yard of Messrs Flower and M'Donald of 7 D'Olier
street, kindled it at three projecting points of paper with one ignited wooden match.
Of what similar apparitions did Stephen think?
Of others elsewhere in other times who, kneeling on one knee or on two,
had kindled fires for him, of Brother Michael in the infirmary of the college of the Society of Jesus at Clongowes Wood in the county of Kildare, of his father, Simon Dedalus, in the unfurnished room of his first residence in Dublin, number thirteen Fitzgibbon street, of his godmother Miss Kate Morkan in the house of her dying sister Miss Julia Morkan at 15 Usher's Island, of his aunt Sara, wife of Richie (Richard Goulding) in the kitchen of their lodgings at 62 Clanbrassil street, of his mother inº the kitchen of number twelve North Richmond street on the morning of the feast of Saint Francis Xavierº 1898, of the dean of Studies, Father Butt, in the physics' theatre of university College, 16 Stephen's Green, northº, of his sister Dilly (Delia) in his father's house in Cabra.
What did Stephen see on raising his gaze to the height of a yard from the fire towards the opposite wall?
A curvilinear rope stretched between two holdfasts athwart across the recess beside the chimney pier from which hung four smallsized square handkerchiefs folded unattached consecutively in adjacent rectangles and one pair of grey Lisle ladies' stockings in their habitual position clamped by three erect wooden pegs two at their outer extremities and the third at their point of junction.
What did Bloom think of their different ages?
That neither could Stephen now have his age then nor he then Stephen's now.
By what act did he solve the problem?
He removed the saucepan to the left hob, rose and carried the iron kettle to the tap and sink in order to draw water by turning the faucet to let it flow.
Did it flow?
Roundwood reservoir in county
Wicklow,º capable of containing
mains by Callowhill to Stillorgan, a distance of 22 statute miles, and thence by a gradient of 250 feet to the city boundary at Leeson street bridge though from prolonged summer drouth the water had fallen below the sill of the overflow weir for which reason the borough surveyor on the instructions of the waterworks committee had prohibited the use of municipal water for
purposes other than those of consumption particularlyº as the South Dublin Guardians notwithstanding their ration of 15 gallons per day per pauper supplied through a 6 inch meter had been convicted of a wastage of 20,000º gallons per night by a reading of their meter on the affirmation of the law agent of the corporation, Mr Ignatius Rice, thereby acting to the detriment of another section of the public, selfsupporting taxpayers, solvent, sound.
What in water did Bloom, carrying water, returning to the range, admire?
Its universality, its equality and constancy to its nature
in seeking its own
level, its vastness in the ocean of
projector, its unplumbedº profundity
in the Sundam trench
of the Pacific exceeding 8000º
restlessness of its waves and
visiting in turn all points of its seaboard, its
calm, its turgidity in
neap and spring tides,
its preponderance of 3
to it over the dry land of the globe,
its capacity to
hold in solution all
soluble substances including
millions of tons of
the most precious metals, its slow erosions of peninsulas and islands, its
persistent formation ofº
its weight and volume and density, its gradation of colours
in the torrid and
frigid zones, its
vehicular ramifications in continental
lakecontained streams and confluent oceanflowing rivers with their tributaries and transoceanic currents, its violence in seaquakes and waterspouts, its vast circumterrestrial ahorizontal curve, its secrecy in springsº exemplified by the well by theº hole in the wall at Ashtown gate, the simplicity of its composition, two parts of hydrogen with one of oxygen, its healing virtues, its buoyancy in the waters of the Dead Sea, its properties for cleansing, quenching thirst and
fire, nourishing plant life, its strength in rigid hydrants, its docility in working hydraulic millwheels, electric power stations, its utility in canals, rivers, if navigableº, bleachworks, tanneries, scutchmills, its submarine fauna and flora numerically, the inhabitants of the globe, its ubiquity as it constituted 90% of the human body, its noxiousness in marshes, faded flowers, pestilential fens, stagnant pools in the waning moon.
To wash his soiled hands with a partially consumed tablet of lemonflavoured soap to which paper still adhered bought thirteen hours previously for threepence and still unpaid for in fresh cold neverchanging everchanging water and dry them, face and hands, in a long redbordered holland cloth passed over a wooden revolving roller.
What reason did Stephen give for declining Bloom's offer?
That he was hydrophobe, hating total contact by
cold water, his last bath having taken place in the month of
October of the preceding year,º disliking the acqueous substances of glass and crystal, distrusting aquacities of thought and language.
What impeded Bloom from giving Stephen counsels of hygiene and prophylactic with suggestions concerning a preliminary wetting of the head and contraction of the muscles with rapid splashing of the face and thoracic region in case of sea or river bathing?º
What phenomenon took place in the vessel of liquid on the fire?
The phenomenon of ebullition.
Convected heat was
constantly and increasingly conveyed from the
sourceº of calorification to the liquid
contained in the
through the uneven
unpolished dark surface of the metal iron,
in part reflected,
in part absorbed, in part transmitted, gradually raising the
the water from
What announced the accomplishment of this rise in temperature?
A double falciform ejection of water vapour from under the kettlelid at both sides simultaneously.
For what personal purpose could Bloom have applied the water so boiled?
To shave himself.
A softer beard, quiet reflections upon the course of the day, a cleaner
sensation when awaking after a fresher sleep since matutinal noises,
premonitions and perturbations, a clattered milkcan, a postman's double
knock, a shock, a shoot, with
thought of aught he
sought though fraught with nought might cause a faster rate of shaving and a
nick, on which
precision, cut and humected and applied, adhered:º which was to be done.
What were the contents of the kitchen dresser when opened by Bloom?
On the lower shelf five
breakfast saucers on which rested inverted breakfast cups, a moustachecup,
uninverted, and saucer of Crown Derby, four white goldrimmed eggcups, an open
shammy purse displayingº coins, mostly
copper, a phial of aromatic comfits and a red bettingticket. On the middle shelf
a chipped eggcup containing pepper,
a drum of table
salt, four black
oily paper, an empty pot of
Plumtree's potted meat, a Jersey pear, a halfempty bottle of William Gilbey and Co's white invalid port, a packet of Epps's soluble cocoa, five ounces of Anne Lynch's choice tea at 2/- per lbº in a crinkled leadpaper bag, a cylindrical canister containing the best crystallised lump sugar, two onions, one,º the larger, Spanish, entire, the other, smaller, Irish, bisected and more redolent, a jar of Irish Model dairy's cream, a jug containing a naggin and a quarter of soured milk which added to the quantity subtracted for Mr Bloom's and Mrs Fleming's breakfasts,º made one pint, the total quantity originally delivered, two cloves, a halfpenny and a small dish containing a slice of fresh ribsteak. On the upper shelf a battery of jamjarsº of various sizes.
How did Bloom prepare a collation?
What marks of special hospitality did the host show his guest?
Relinquishing his right to the moustache cup of imitation crown Derby presented to him by his only daughter, Millicent he drank from a cup identical with that of his guest and served to his guest and, in reduced measure, to himself the cream usually reserved for the breakfast of his wife Marion (Molly).
Was the guest conscious of and did he acknowledge these marks of hospitality?
His attention was directed to them by his host jocosely and he accepted them seriously as they drank in silence.
Who drank more quickly?
What cerebration accompanied his act?
Concluding that his silent companion was engaged in mental composition he reflected on the pleasures derived from literature of instruction rather than of amusement as he himself had applied to the works of Shakespeare more than once for the solution of difficult problems in imaginary or real life.
In spite of careful and repeated reading of certain passages, aided by a glossary, he had not derived conviction from the text.
What lines concluded his first
piece of original
verse written at the age of 11 in 1877
on the occasion
of the offering of three prizes of 10/-, 5/- and 2/6 respectively for
competitionº by the Shamrock, a weekly newspaper?
An ambition to squint
At my verses in print
Makes me hope that for these you'll find room.º
If you so condescend
Then please place at the end
The name of yours truly, L. Bloom
Did he find four separating forces between his temporary guest and him?
Name, age, race, creed.
What anagrams had he made on his name in youth?
Old Ollebo, M.P.
Poets oft have sung in rhyme
Of music sweet their praise divine.
Let them hymn it nine times nine.
Dearer far than song or wine.
You are mine. The world is mine.
What events might nullify these calculations?
The cessation of existence of both or either, the inauguration of a new era or calendar, the annihilation of the world.
Twice. The first time in the lilacgarden of Matthew Dillon's
house,º Medina Villa, Kimmage road,
Roundtown, in 1887, in the company of his mother,
Stephen being then of the age of 5 and reluctant to give his hand in salutation. The second time in the coffeeroomº of Breslin's hotel on a rainy Sunday in the January of 1892, in the company of his father and his granduncle, Stephen being then 5 years older.
Very gratefully, appreciatively, sincerely, regretfully, he declined.
Did their conversation on the subject of these reminiscences reveal a third connecting link between them?
Mrs Riordanº, a widow of independent means, had resided in the house of Stephen's parents from 1 September 1888 to 29 December 1891 and had also resided during the years 1892, 1893 and 1894 in the City Arms Hotel owned by Elizabeth O'Dowd of 54 Prussia street where,º during parts of the years 1893 and 1894,º she had been a constant informant of Bloom who resided also in the same hotel, being at that time a clerk in the employment of Joseph Cuffe of 5 Smithfield for the superintendence of sales in the adjacent Dublin Cattle market on the North Circular road.
Had he performed any special corporal work of mercy for her?
He had sometimes propelled her on warm summer evenings, an infirm widow of independent, if limited,º means, in her bathchair with slow revolutions of its wheels as far as the corner of the North Circular road opposite Mr Gavin Low's place of business where she had remained for a certain time scanning through his onelensed fieldglasses unrecognisable citizens on tramcars, roadster bicyclesº, hackney carriages, tandems, private and hired landaus, dogcarts, ponytraps and brakes passing from the city to the Phoenixº Park and vice versa.
Why could he support that his vigil with the greater equanimity?
Because in middle youth he had often sat observing through a glass boss of a multicoloured pane the spectacle offered with continual changes of the thoroughfare without, pedestrians, quadrupeds, velocipedes, vehicles, passing slowly, quickly, evenly, round and round and round the rim of a round precipitous globe.
What distinct different memories had each of her now eight years deceased?
The older, her bezique cards and counters, her Skye terrier, her
suppositious wealth, her lapses of responsiveness: the younger,
her lamp of colza
oil before the statue of the Immaculate Conception,
her green and maroon brushes for Parnell and for Michael Davitt, her tissue papers.
Were there no means still remaining to him to achieve the rejuvenation which these reminiscences divulged to a younger companion rendered the more desirable?
The indoor exercisesº, formerly intermittently practised, subsequently abandoned, prescribed in Eugen Sandow's Physical Strength and How toº Obtain It which, designed particularly for commercial men engaged in sedentary occupations, were to be made with mental concentration in front of a mirror so as to bring into play the various families of muscles and produce successively a pleasant rigidity, a more pleasantº relaxation and the most pleasant repristination of juvenile agility.
Had any special agility been his in earlier youth?
Though ringweight lifting had been beyond his strength and the full circle gyration beyond his courage yet as a High Schoolº scholar he had excelled in his stable and protracted execution of the half lever movement on the parallel bars in consequence of his abnormally developed abdominal muscles.
Did either openly allude to their racial difference?
What did Bloom think that Stephen thought about Bloom?
What were their respective parentages?
Bloom, only male heir of Rudolf Virag (subsequently
Rudolphº Bloom) of
Szombathélyº, Milan, London and
Dublin and of Margaret Higgins,º second
daughter of Julius Higgins (born Karoly) and
(born Hegarty). Stephen, eldest
heir of Simon Dedalus of Cork and Dublin and of Mary, daughter of Richard and Christina Goulding (born Grier).
Had Bloom and Stephen been baptised?
Bloom three times, by the reverend Mr Gilmer Johnston M.A., alone,º in the protestant church of Saint Nicholasº Without, Coombe by James O'Connor, Philip Gilligan and James Fitzpatrick, together, under a pump in the village of Swords, and by the reverend Charles Malone,º C.C., in the church of the Three Patrons, Rathgar. Stephen (once) by the reverend Charles Malone, C.C.,º alone,º in the church of the Three Patrons, Rathgar.
Did they find their educational careers similar?
Bloom had passed successively through a dame's school and the high school: Stephen through the preparatory, junior, middle and senior grades of the intermediate and through the matriculation, first arts,º second arts and degree courses of the university.
Why did Bloom refrain from stating that he had frequented the university of life?
Because of his incertitude as to whether this observation had been already made by him to Stephen or by Stephen to him.
What two temperaments did they individually represent?
The scientific. The artistic.
What proofs did Bloom adduce to prove that his tendency was towards applied, rather than to pure, science?
Certain possible inventions of which he had cogitated when reclining on his back in a state of repletion to aid digestion, stimulated by his appreciation of the importance of inventions now common but once revolutionary, for example, the parachute, the corkscrew, the safety pin, the canal lock.
Were these inventions principally intended for an improved scheme of kindergarten?
Yes. They comprised
kaleidoscopes exhibiting the twelve
constellations of the zodiac from Aries to Pisces, arithmetical gelatine lozenges, geometrical to correspond to zoological biscuits, globemap playing balls, historically costumed dolls.
What also stimulated him in his cogitations?
The financial success achieved by Ephraim Marks and Charles A.º James, the former by his 1d bazaar at 42 George's streetº, southº, the latter at 6½d shop and world's fancy fair and waxwork exhibitionº at 30 Henry Street, admission 6d,º children 1d;º and the infinite possibilities hitherto unexploited of the modern art of advertisement if condensed in triliteral symbols of magnetising efficacy.º
K. 11. Kino's 11/- Trousers.
House of Keys. Alexander J. Keyes.
Such as not?
Look at this long candle. Calculate when it burns out and you receive gratis 1 pair of our special non-compo boots,º guaranteed 1 Candle power. Address: Barclay and Cook, 18 Talbot streetº.
What is home without Plumtree's Potted Meat?
With it an abode of bliss.
George Plumtree, 23
Merchant's quay, Dublin,
put up in 4
inserted by Councillor Joseph P. Nannetti, M.P., Rotunda Ward, 19 Hardwicke
streetº, under the obituary notices and
anniversaries of deceases.
The name on the
label is Plumtree. A plumtree in a meatpot, registered trade mark.
Which example did he adduce to induce Stephen to comprehend that originality does not invariably conduce to success?
His own ideated and rejected project of
showcart, drawn by a beast of burden, in which two smartly dressed girls
were to be seated engaged in writing.
What suggested scene was then constructed by Stephen?
A solitary hotel in a mountain pass. Autumn. Twilight. A fire lit. In a dark corner a young man seated. A young woman enters. Restless. She sits. She goes to the window. She stands. She sits. Twilight. She thinks. On solitary hotel paper she writes. She thinks. She writes. She sighs. Wheels and hoofs. She hurries out. He comes from his dark corner.º He seizes the solitary paper. He holds it towards the fire. Twilight. He reads.
What suggested scene was then reconstructed by Bloom?
The Queen's Hotel, Ennis, countyº Clare where Rudolph Bloom (Rudolf Virag) died on the 27 June 1886 of an overdose of monkhood (aconite) in the form of a neuralgic linimentº composed of 2 parts of aconite liniment to 1 of chloroform liniment.º
Did he attribute this homonymity to information or coincidence or intuition?
He preferred himself to see and listen to another's words by which
potential narration was realised and
kinetic temperament relieved.
Did he see only a second coincidence in the second scene narrated to him, described by the narrator as A Pisgah Sight of Palestine or The Parable of the Plums?
It, with the preceding scene and with others unnarrated but existent by implication, seemed to him to contain in itself and in conjunction with the personal equation certain possibilities of financial, social, personal and sexual success, whether contributed in printed form, following the precedent of Philip Beaufoy or Doctor Dick or Heblon's Studies in Blue, to a publication of certified circulation and solvency or employed verbally as intellectual stimulation for sympathetic auditors during the increasingly long nights gradually following the summer solstice.
Which domestic problem as much as, if not more than, any other frequently engaged his mind?
What had been his hypothetical singular solutions?
Parlour games (dominos, bézique, halma, tiddledywinks, draughts, chess or backgammon): embroidery, darning or knitting for the policeaided clothing society: musical duets, mandoline and guitar, piano and flute, guitar and piano: legal scrivenery or envelope addressing: biweekly visits to variety entertainments: commercial activity in a cool dairy shop or warm cigar divan: the clandestine satisfaction of erotic irritation in masculine brothels, state-inspected and medically controlled: courses of evening instruction specially designed to render instruction agreeable.
What instances of deficient mental development in his wife
inclined him in favour of the (lastmentioned) eighth solution?
moments she had more than once covered a sheet of paper with signs and
hieroglyphics which she stated were Greek and Irish characters.
She had interrogated
constantly at varying intervals as to the correct method of writing the capital
initial of the name of a city in Canada, Quebec. She understood little of
addenda of bills
she frequently had recourse to digital aid. Unusual polysyllables of foreign
origin she interpreted phonetically or by false analogy or by both:
metempsychosis (met him pike hoses),
(a mendacious person
How had he attempted to remedy this state of comparative ignorance?
Variously. By leaving in a conspicuous place a certain book open at a certain page, by assuming in her when alluding explanatorily latent knowledge, by open ridicule in her presence of some absent other's ignorant lapse.
With what success had he attempted direct instruction?
She followed not all, a part of the whole, gave attention with interest, comprehended with surprise, with care repeated, with greater difficulty remembered, forgot with ease, with misgiving remembered, repeated with error.
What system had proved more effective?
Indirect suggestion implicating self interest.º
Accepting the analogy implied in his guest's parable which examples of postexilic eminence did he adduce?
Three seekers of the pure truth, Moses of Egypt, Moses Maimonides, author of More Nebukim (Guide of the Perplexed) and Moses Mendelssohn of such eminence that from Moses (of Egypt) to Moses (Mendelssohn) there arose none like Moses (Maimonides).
What statement was made, under correction, by Bloom concerning a fourth seeker of pure truth, by name Aristotle, mentioned by Stephen?
What fragmentsº of verse from the ancient Hebrew and ancient Irish languages were cited with modulations of voice and translation of texts by guest to host and by host to guest?
By Stephen: suil, suil, suil arun, suil go siocair agus suil go cuin (walk, walk, walk your way, walk in safety, walk with care).
How was a glyphic comparison made of the phonic symbols of both languages?
Onº the penultimate blank page of a book
entitled Sweets of Sin (produced by Bloom and so
its front cover came in contact with the surface of the table) with a pencil
(supplied by Stephen) Stephen wrote the Irish characters for gee, eh, dee, em,
simple and modified, and Bloom in turn wrote the Hebrew characters ghimel,
aleph, daleth and (in the absence of mem) a substituted
qophº, explaining their arithmetical
values of 3, 1, 4,º and 100.
Was the knowledge possessed by both of each of these languages, the extinct and the revived, theoretical or practical?
What points of contact existed between between these languages and the peoples who spoke them?
The presence of guttural sounds in both languages, their antiquity, both
having taught on the plain of Shinar 242 years after the
deluge in the
seminary instituted by Fenius Farsaigh, descendant of Noah, progenitor of
Israel, and ascendant of Heber and Heremon, progenitors of Ireland, their vast
archaeologicalº genealogical and
historical and religious literatures comprising the works of rabbis and culdees,
Torah, Talmud,º Pentateuch, Book of the
Dun Cow, Book of Ballymote, Book of Kells: their dispersal, persecution,
survival and revival:
the restoration in
David of Zion and
the possibility of Irish political autonomy or devolution.
What anthem did Bloom chant partially in anticipation of that consummation?
Why did he not conclude?
In consequence of defective mnemotechnic.
How did he compensate for this deficiency?
By a periphrastic version of the general text.
In what common study did their mutual reflections merge?
The increasing simplification traceable from the Egyptian hieroglyphs to the
Greek and Roman alphabets and the anticipation of modern stenography and
telegraphic code in the cuneiform inscriptions (Semitic) and the virgular ogham writing (Celtic).
Doubly, by appending his signature in Irish and Roman characters.
What was Stephen's auditive sensation?
He heard in a profound ancient male unfamiliar melody the accumulation of the past.
What was Bloom's visual sensation?
What future careers had been possible for him in the past and with what exemplars?
church, Roman, Anglicanº or
Nonconformist: exemplars, the very reverend John Conmee S.J., the reverend T.
Salmon, DD, provost of Trinity college, Dr Alexander J. Dowie. At the bar,
English or Irish:º exemplarsº, Seymour
Bushe, K.C., Rufus Isaacs, K.C. On the stage, modern or Shakespearean: exemplars: Charles Wyndham, high comedian, Osmond Tearle († 1901), exponent of Shakespeare.
Did the host encourage his guest to chant in a modulated voice a strange legend on an allied theme?
Recite the first (major) part of this chanted legend?
Little Harry Hughes and his schoolfellows all
Went out for to play ball.
And the very first ball littleº Harry Hughes played
He drove it o'er the jew'sº garden wall.
And the very second ball little Harry Hughes played
He broke the jew's windows all.
How did the host receive this first part?
Smiling, a jew, he heard with pleasure and saw the unbroken kitchen window.
Recite the second part (minor) of the legend.
Then out thereº came the jew's daughter
And she all dressed in green.
“Come back, come back, you pretty little boy,
And play your ball again ”
“I can't come back and I won't come back
Without my schoolfellows all.
For if my master he did hear
He'd make it a sorry ball ”
She took him by the lilywhite hand
And led him along the hall
Until she led him to a room
Where none could hear him call.
She took a penknife out of her pocket
And cut off his little head
And now he'll play his ball no more
For he lies among the dead.
How did the host receive this second part?
Unsmiling, he heard and saw with wonder a jew's daughter, Millicent (Milly), all dressed in green.
Condense Stephen's commentary.
One of all, the least of all, is the victim predestined. Once by inadvertence, twice by design he challenges his destiny. It comes when he is abandoned and challenges him reluctant and, as an apparition of hope and youth, holds him unresisting. It leads him to a strange habitation, to a secret infidel apartment, and there, implacable, immolates him, consenting.
Why was the host silent?
He weighed the possible evidences for and against ritual murder: the incitationsº of the hierarchy, the superstition of the populace, the envy of opulence: the influence of retaliation, the sporadic reappearance of atavistic delinquency, the mitigating circumstances of fanaticism, hypnotic suggestion and sonambulism.
Had this latter or any cognate phenomenon declared itself in any member of his family?
Twice, in Holles street and in Ontario terrace, his daughter Millicent
(Milly) at the ages of 6 and 8 years had uttered in sleep an exclamation of
terror and had replied to the interrogations of two figures in night attire with a vacant mute expression.
What other infantile memories had he of her?
15 June 1889. A querulous female infant
crying to cause and
child renamed Padney
Socks she shook
with shocks her moneybox: counted his three free
buttons,º one, tloo, tlee:
a boy, a sailor she threw away: blond, born of two dark, she had blond ancestry, remote, a violation, Herr Hauptmann Hainau, Austrian army, proximate, a hallucinationº, lieutenant Mulvey, British navy.
What endemic characteristics were present?
Conversely the nasal and frontal formation was derived in a direct line of lineage which, though interrupted, would continue at distant intervals to more distant intervals toº its most distant intervals.
What memories had he of her adolescence?
She relegated her skippingrope to a recess. On the duke's lawn entreated by an English visitor she declined to permit him to make and take away her photographic image. On the South Circular road in the company of Elsa Potter, followed by an individual of sinister aspect, she went half way down Stamer street and turned abruptly back. On the vigil of the 15th anniversary of her birth she wrote a letter from Mullingar, county Westmeath, making a brief allusion to a local student.
Did that first division, portending a second division, afflict him?
Less than he had imagined, more than he had hoped.
What second departure was contemporaneously perceived by him similarly,º if differently?
Why similarly, why differently?
Similarly, because actuated by a secret purpose the quest of a male or of a healing herb. Differently, because of different possible returns to the inhabitants or to the habitation.
In other respects were their differences similar?
In passivity, in economy, in the instinct of tradition, in unexpectedness.
sustained her blond hair for him to ribbon it for her. On
the free surface of
the lake in Stephen's green
reflections of trees
concentric circles of
indicated by the
constancy of its permanence
the locus of
a somnolent prostrate
fish. In order to remember
the date, combatants, issue and consequences of a famous military engagement she pulled a plait of her hair. Silly Milly, she dreamed of having had an unspoken unremembered conversation with a horse whose name had been Joseph to whom (which) she had offered a tumblerful of lemonade which it (he) had appeared to have accepted.
In what way had he utilised gifts givenº as matrimonial auguries to interest and to instruct her?
As object lessons to explain: 1) the nature and habits of oviparous animals, the possibility of aerial flight, certain abnormalities of vision, the secular process of imbalsamation: 2) the principle of the pendulum, exemplified in bob, wheelgear and regulator, the translation in terms of human or social regulation of the various positions of moveable indicators on an unmoving dial, the exactitude of the recurrence per hour of an instant in each hour,º when the longer and the shorter indicator were at the same angle of inclination, videlicet, 5 5⁄11 minutes past each hour per hour in arithmetical progression.
In what manners did she reciprocate?
She remembered: on the 27th anniversary of his birth she presented to him a
breakfast moustachecup of imitation crown Derby porcelain ware. She provided: at
quarter day or thereabouts if or when purchases had been made by him not for her
she showed herself attentive to his necessities, anticipating his desires. She
admired: a natural phenomenon having been explained by him
she expressed the
immediate desire to possess without gradual acquisition a fraction of his
science, the moiety, the quarter, a thousandth part.
What proposal did Bloom, diambulist, father of Milly, sonambulist, make to Stephen, noctambulist?
To pass in repose the hours intervening between Thursday (proper) and Friday (normal) on an extemporised cubicle in the apartment immediately above the kitchen and immediatelyº adjacent to the sleeping apartment of his host and hostess.
What various advantages would or might have resulted from a prolungation of such anº extemporisation?
For the guest: security of domicile and seclusion of study. For the host:
rejuvenation of intelligence, vicarious satisfaction. For the hostess:
disintegration of obsession, acquisition of correct Italian pronunciation.
Was the proposal accepted?
Promptly, inexplicably, with amicability, gratefully it was declined.
To inaugurate a course of Italian instruction, place the residence of the instructed. To inaugurate a course of vocal instruction, place the residence of the instructress. To inaugurate a series of static, semistatic and peripatetic intellectual dialogues, places the residence of both speakers (if both speakers were resident in the same place),º the Ship hotel and tavern, 6 Lower Abbey street (W. and E.º Connery, proprietors), the National Library of Ireland, 10 Kildare street, the National Maternity Hospital, 29, 30 and 31 Holles street, a public garden, the vicinity of a place of worship, a conjunction of two or more public thoroughfares, the point of bisection of a right line drawn between their residences (if both speakers were resident in different places).
What rendered problematic for Bloom the realisation of these mutually selfexcluding propositions?
The irreparability of the past: once at a performance of Albert Hengler's
circus in the Rotunda, Rutland squareº, Dublin an intuitive particolouredº clown in quest of paternity had penetrated from the ring to a place in the auditorium where Bloom, solitary, was seated and had publicly declared to an exhilarated audience that he (Bloom) was his (the clown's) papa. The imprevidibility of the future: once in the summer of 1898 he (Bloom) had marked a florin (2/-) with three notches on the milled edge and tendered it in payment of an account due to and received by J. and T.º Davy, family grocers, 1 Charlemont Mall, Grand Canal, for circulation on the waters of civic finance, for possible, circuitous or direct, return.
Was the clown Bloom's son?
Why would a recurrent frustration the more depress him?
Because at the critical turningpoint of human existence he desired to amend
many social conditions, the product of inequality and avarice and international animosity.
He believed then that human life was infinitely perfectible, eliminating these conditions?
There remained the generic conditions imposed by natural, as distinct from human law:º the necessity of destruction to procure alimentary sustenance, the painful character of birth and death, the monotonous menstruationº of simian and (particularly) human females extending from the age of puberty to the menopause, inevitable accidents at sea, in mines and factories, certain very painful maladies and their resultant surgical operations, innate lunacy and criminality, catastrophic cataclysmsº which make terror the basis of human mentality, seismic upheavals the epicentres of which are located in densely populated regions, the fact of vital growth from infancy through maturity to decay.
Why did he desist from speculation?
Because it was a task for a superior intelligence to substitute other
phenomena in theº place of those to be removed.
Did Stephen participate in his dejection?
He affirmed his significance as a conscious rational reagent between a micro and a macrocosm constructed upon the incertitude of the void.
Was this affirmationº apprehended by Bloom?
Not literally, substantially.
What spectacle confronted them when they, first the host, then the guest, emerged silently, doubly dark, by a passage from the rere of the house into the garden?
With what meditations did Bloom accompany his demonstration to
his companion of various constellationsº?
Meditations increasingly vaster: of the infinite lattiginous scintillating uncondensed milky way, of Sirius 9 lightyears distant and in volume 900 times the dimension of our planet, of Arcturus, of Orion with belt and nebula in which 100 of our solar systems could be contained, of moribund, of nascent new stars such as Nova in 1901, of our system plunging towards the constellation of Hercules, of the parallax or parallactic drift of socalled fixed stars, in reality evermoving wanderersº from immeasurably remote eons to infinitely remote futures in comparison with which the years, threescoreº and ten, of allotted human life formed a period of infinitesimal brevity.
Why did he not elaborate these calculations to a more precise result?
Because some years previously in 1886 when occupied with the
the quadrature of the
circle he had learned of the existence of a number
computed to be
the 9th power of the
9th power of 9, that
33 closely printed
volumes of 1000 pages each of innumerable
quires and reams
of India paper would have to be requisitioned in order to contain the complete tale of its printed integers.
Did he find the problem of the inhabitability of the planets and their satellites easier of solution?
Of a different order of difficulty. Conscious that
the human organism
when elevated to a
considerable altitude in the terrestrial atmosphere suffered
hemorrhage, impeded respiration and vertigo, when proposing this problem for
solution, he had conjectured that
a more ancient and
differently constructed race of beings might subsist otherwise under
Veneral, Jovian, Saturnian, Neptunian or Uranian
though humanity would probably there as here remain inalterably attached to vanities of vanities.
His logical conclusion?
Was he more convinced of the esthetic value of the spectacle?
Indubitably in consequence of the reiterated examples of poets in the delirium of the frenzy of love or in the abasement of rejection invoking resplendent constellations or the frigidity of the satellite of their planet?
Did he then accept the theory of astrological influences?
It seemed to him as possible of proof as of confutation and the nomenclature employed in its semelographical charts as attributable to verifiable intuition as to fallacious analogy: the lake of dreams, the seas of rains, the gulf of dews, the ocean of fecundity.
What special affinities appeared to him to exist between the moon and woman?
Her antiquity in preceding and surviving successive generations, her
nocturnal predominance, her
satellitic dependence, her luminary
reflection, her constancy under all her phases, risingº and setting by her appointed times, waxing and waning, the invariability of her aspect, her potency over effluent and refluent waters, the tranquil inscrutability of her visage, her omens of tempest and of calm, the stimulation of her light, her motion and her presence, the admonition of her craters, her arid seas, her silence: her splendour, when visible, her attraction when invisible.
In the second storey (rere) of his Bloom's house The light of a paraffin oil lamp with oblique shade projected on a screen of roller blind supplied by Frank O'Hara, window blind, curtain pole and revolving manufacturer, 16 Aungier street.
Both then were silent?
Were they indefinitely inactive?
At Stephen's suggestion, at Bloom's instigation both, first Stephen, then Bloom, in penumbra urinated, their sides contiguous, their organs of micturition reciprocally rendered invisible by manual circumposition, their gazes, first Bloom's, then Stephen's, elevated to the projected luminous and semiluminous shadow.
their, first sequent, then
urinations were dissimilar:
longer, less irruent, in the incomplete form of the bifurcated penultimate
letter who in his ultimate year at High School (1880) had been capable of
attaining the point
of greatest altitude against the whole
strength of the
institution 210 scholars: Stephen's
sibilant, who in the ultimate hours of the previous day had augmented by consumption an insistent vesical pressure.
What different problems presented themselves to each concerning the invisible audible organ of the other?
To Bloom: the problems of irritability, tumescence, rigidity, reactivity,
dimension, sanitariness, pelosity. To Stephen: the problem of the sacerdotal
integrity of Jesus circumcised (1 January, holiday of obligation to hear mass
and abstain from unnecessary servile work) and the problem as to whether the divine prepuce, the carnal bridal ring of the holy Roman catholic apostolic church, conserved in Calcata, were deserving of simple hyperduly or of the 4th degree of latria accorded to the abscission of divine hair and toenails.
Alone, what did Bloom hear?
Alone, what did Bloom, feel?
What prospect of what phenomenon inclined him to remain?
Had he ever been a spectator of that phenomenon?
Once, in 1887,º after a protracted
performance of charades in the house of Luke Doyle, Kimmage he had awaited with
patience the apparition of the diurnal phenomenon, seated on a wall, his gaze turned in the direction of the east.
He remembered the initial paraphenomena?
More active air, a matutinal distant cock, ecclesiastical clocks at various
points, avine music, the isolated tread of an early wayfarer, the visible
of the light of an invisible luminous body, the first golden limb of the resurgent sun perceptible low on the horizon.
His right temporal lobe came into contact with a solid timber angle where, an infinitesimal but sensible fraction of a second later, a painful sensation was located in consequence of antecedentº sensations transmitted and registered.
A sofa upholstered in prune plush had been translocated from opposite the door to the ingleside near the compactly furled Union Jack (an alteration which he had frequently intended to execute), the blue and white checker inlaid majolicatopped table had been placed opposite the door in the place vacated by the prune plush sofa: the walnut sideboard (a projecting angle of which had arrested his ingress) had been moved from its position beside the door to a more advantageous but more perilous position in front of the door: two chairs had been moved from right and left of the ingleside to the position originally occupied by the blue and white checker inlaid majolicatopped table.
One: a squat stuffed easychair,º with
stout arms extended and back slanted to the rere, which repelled in recoil had
upturned an irregular fringe of a rectangular rug and displayed on its amply
upholstered seat a centralised
diminishing discolouration. The other: a slender splayfoot chair of glossy cane
opposite the former, its frame from top to seat and from seat to base being
varnished dark brown, its seat being a bright circle of white plaited rush.
What occupied the position originally occupied by the sideboard?
A vertical piano (Cadby) with exposed keyboard, its closed coffin supporting a pair of long yellow ladies' gloves and an emerald ashtray containing four consumed matches, a partly consumed cigarette and two discoloured ends of cigarettes, its musicrest supporting the music in the key of G natural for voice and piano of Love's Old Sweet Song (words by G. Clifton Bingham, composed by J.L. Molloy, sung by Madam Antoinette Sterling) open at the last page with the final indications ad libitum, forte, pedal, animato, sustainedº pedal, ritirando,º close.
With what sensations did Bloom contemplate in rotation these objects?
With strain, elevating a candlestick: with pain feeling on his right temple a contused tumescence: with attention, focussing his gaze on a large dull passive and aº slender bright active: with amusement, remembering Dr Malachi Mulligan's scheme of colour containing the gradation of green: with pleasure, repeating the words and antecedent act and perceiving through various channels of internal sensibility the consequent and concomitant tepid pleasant diffusion of gradual discolouration.
His next proceeding?
From an open box on theº majolicatopped table he extracted a black diminutive cone, 1 inch in height, placed it on its circular base on a small tin plate, placed his candlestick on the right corner of the mantelpiece, produced from his waistcoat a folded typed letter, unfolded the folded letter, examined it superficially, rolled it into a thin cylinder, ignited it in the candleflame, applied it when ignited to the apex of the cone till the latter reached the stage of rutilance, placed the cylinder in the basin of the candlestick disposing its unconsumed part in such a manner as to facilitate total combustion.
What objects, other than the candlestick, stood on the mantelpiece?
A timepiece of striated marble, stopped at the hour of 4.46 a.m. on the 21 March 1896, matrimonial gift of Matthew Dillon, a dwarf tree of glacial arborescence under a transparentº bellshade, matrimonial gift of Luke and Caroline Doyle, an embalmed owl, matrimonial gift of Alderman John Hooper.
What interchanges of looks took place between these three objects and Bloom?
In the mirror of the giltbordered pierglass the undecorated back of the dwarf tree regarded the upright back of the embalmed owl. Before the mirror the matrimonial gift of Alderman John Hooper with a clear melancholy wise bright motionless compassionate gaze regarded Bloom while Bloom with obscure tranquil profound motionless compassionated gaze regarded the matrimonial gift of Luke and Caroline Doyle.
What composite image in the mirror then attracted his attention?
The image of a solitary mutable man.
Brothers and sisters had he none.
Yet that man's father was his grandfather's son.
From infancy to maturity he had ressembled his maternal procreatrix. From maturity to senility he would increasingly ressemble his paternal procreator.
What final visual impression was communicated to him by the mirror?
The optical reflection of several inverted volumes with scintillating titles on the two bookshelves opposite.
Catalogue these books.
Thom's Dublin Post Office Directory 1886
Denis Florence M'Carthy's Poetical Works
Shakespeare's Works (dark crimson morocco, goldtooled)
The Useful Ready Reckoner (brown cloth)
The Secret History of the Court of Charles II (red cloth)
The Child's Guide (blue cloth)
The Beauties of Killarney (wrappers)
When We Were Boys by William O'Brien M.P. (green cloth, slightly faded)
Thoughts from Spinoza (maroon leather)
Philosophy of the Talmud (sewn pamphlet)
Lockart's Life of Napoleon (cover wanting, marginal annotations, minimising victories, aggrandising defeats of the protagonist)
Soll und Haben (black boards)
The Hidden Life of Christ (black boards)
In the Track of the Sun (yellow cloth, titlepage missing)
Physical Strength and How to Obtain It by Eugen Sandow (red cloth)
Short but yet Plain Elements of Geometry written in French by F. Ignat. Pardies and rendered into English by John Harris D.D. London, printed for R. Knaplock at the Bishop's Head,º MDCCXI, with dedicatory epistle to his worthy friend Charles Cox, esquire, Member of Parliament for the burgh of Southwark and having ink calligraphed statement on the flyleaf certifying that the book was the property of Michael Gallagher, dated this 10th day of May 1822, and requesting the finder, if the book should be lost or go astray, to restore it to Michael Gallagher, carpenter, Dufery Gate, Enniscorthy, county Wicklow, the finest place in the world.
What reflections occupied his mind during the process of reversion of the inverted volumes?
The necessity of order,
a place for everything
and everything in its place: the deficient appreciation of literature
possessed by females: the incongruity of
an apple incuneated in a tumbler and of an umbrella inclined in a closestool: the insecurity of hiding any secret document behind, beneath or between the pages of a book.
Why, firstly and secondly, did he not consult the work in question?
in order to exercise
because after an
interval of amnesia, when,º
seated at the central table, about to consult the work
in question, he remembered by mnemotechnic the name of the military engagement, Plevna.
How was the irritation allayed?
He removed his collar, with contained black necktie and collapsible stud,
from his neck to a position on the left of the table. He unbuttoned successively
in reversed direction waistcoat, trousers, shirt and vest along the medial line
of irregular incrispated black hairs extending in triangular
the pelvic basin over the circumference of the abdomen and umbilicular fossicle
along the medial
line of nodes to
of the sixth pectoral vertebrae, thence
ways at right angles and terminating in circles
points, right and left, on the summits of the mammary prominences.
What involuntary actions followed?
He compressed between 2 fingers the flesh circumjacent to
a cicatrice in
the left infracostal region below the diaphragm resulting from
a sting inflicted
2 weeks and 3 days previously (23 May 1904)
by a bee.
imprecisely with his right hand, though insensible of prurition, various points
and surfaces of his partly exposed wholly abluted skin. He inserted his left
hand into the left lower pocket of his waistcoat and
replaced a silver coin (1 shilling), placed there (presumably) on the
occasion (10 October 1903) of the interment of Mrs Emily Sinico, Sydney Parade.
Did the process of disvestiture continue?
Sensible of a benignant persistentº
ache in his
footsoles he extended his foot to one side and observed the creases,
protuberances and salient points caused by foot pressure in the course of
walking repeatedly in several different directions, then, inclined, he disnoded
the laceknots, unhooked and loosened the laces, took off each of his two boots
for the second time, detached the partially moistened right sock through the
fore part of which the nail of his great toe had again effracted, raised his
right and, having unhooked a purple
suspender, took off his right sock, placed his unclothed right foot on the
margin of the seat of his chair, picked at and gently lacerated the protruding
part of the great toenail, raised the part lacerated to his nostrils and inhaled
the odour of the quick, then,º with
satisfaction,º threw away the lacerated unghial fragment.
Why with satisfaction?
Because the odour inhaled corresponded to other odours inhaled of other unghial fragments, picked and lacerated by Master Bloom, pupil of Mrs Jowett's juvenile school, patiently each night in the act of brief genuflection and nocturnal prayer and ambitious meditation.
Not to inherit or posses in perpetuity extensive
demesne of a
sufficient number of
acres, roods and
a baronial hall
with gatelodge and
carriage drive nor, on the other hand, a terracehouse or
villa, described as Rus in Urbe or Qui si
sanaº but to purchase by private
treaty in fee
with porch covered by parasitic plants (ivy or Virginia creeper), rising, if
possible, upon a
gentle eminence and
standing in 5 or 6
acres of its own ground,
situate at a
given point not
less than 1 statute
mile from the periphery of the metropolis, within a time limit of not more
than 15º minutes from tram or train
Dundrum, south, or
Sutton, north, both
poles in being
favourable climates for phthysical subjects), the
premises to be held under feefarm grantº, lease 999 years, the messuages to consist of 1 drawingroom, 1 sittingroom, 4 bedrooms, bathroom (hot and cold), tiled kitchen with close range and scullery, lounge hall fitted with linen wallpresses, dinner gong and
comfortable corner fitments and pyramidically prismatic central chandelier lustre, water closet with tipup seat, outoffices, coal and wood cellarage with winebin for distinguished guests, if entertained, gas throughout.
What facilities of transit were desirable?
When citybound frequent connection by train or tram from their respective intermediate station or terminal. When countrybound velocipedes, a chainless freewheel roadster cycle with side basketcar attached, or draught conveyance, a donkey with wicker trap or smart phaeton with good working cob.
What additional attractions might the grounds contain?
As addenda, a
tennis and fives court, a glass summerhouse with tropical palms, equipped in the
best botanical manner, a rockery with waterspray, an orchard, a kitchen garden and a vinery, all protected
against illegal trespassers by glasstopped mural enclosures.
What improvements might be subsequentlyº introduced?
What might be the name of this residence?
Bloom Cottage. Saint Leopold's. Flowerville.
Could Bloom of 7 Eccles Street foresee Bloom of Flowerville?
In loose allwool garments with Harris tweed cap, price 8(sup)s/6(sup)d, and garden boots and wateringcan, trundling a weedladen wheelbarrow without excessive fatigue at sunset amid the scent of newmown hay.
What mental occupations were simultaneously possible?
What lighter recreations?
Not impossibly, with 1 or 2 stripper cows, 1 pike of upland hay and requisite farming implements, e.g., an end-to-end churn, a turnip pulper etc.
What would be his social status among the county families and landed gentry?
Successively, that of gardener, groundsman, cultivator, breeder, and at the zenith of his career, resident magistrate or justice of the peace with a family crest and coat of arms and appropriate classical mottoº.
What course of action did he outline for himself in such capacity?
A course that
undue clemency and excessive rigour, the dispensation of unbiassed justice,
tempered with mitigants but exactable to the uttermost farthing. Loyal to the
core with an innate love of rectitude his aims would be the strict maintenance
of public order, the repression of many abuses though not of all
simultaneously,º the upholding of the
letter of the law (common, statute and law merchant) against all instigators of
international persecution, all perpetuators of international animosities, all violators of domestic connubiality.
To Master Percy Apjohn at High School in 1880 he had divulged his disbelief in the tenets of the Irish (protestant) church (to which his father Rudolph Virag (later Rudolph Bloom) had been converted from the Israelitish faith and communion in 1865 by the Society for promoting Christianity among the jews) subsequently abjured by him at the epoch of and with a view to his matrimony in 1888 in favour of Roman catholicism. To Daniel Magrane and Francis Wade in 1882 during a juvenile friendship (terminated by the premature emigration of the former) he had advocated during nocturnal perambulations the evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin, expounded in The Descent of Man and The Origin of Speciesº. In 1885 he had publicly expressed his adherence to the collective and national economic programme advocated by James Fintan Lalor, John Fisher Murray, John Mitchel, J.F.X. O'Brien and others, the agrarian policy of Michael Davitt, the constitutional agitation of Charles Stewart Parnell (M.P. for Cork City), the programme of peace, retrenchment and reform of William Ewart Gladstone (M.P. for Midlothian) and, in support of his political convictions, had climbed up into a secure position amid the ramifications of a tree on Northumberland road to see the entrance into the capital of a demonstrative torchlight procession in escort of Viscount Ripon and (honest)º John Morley.
How much and how did he propose to pay for this country residence?
the Irish Civil
Society (incorporated 1874), a
£60 perº annum, being 1⁄6 of
an assured income,
representing at 5%
simple interest a capital of
of which 1⁄3 to be paid on acquisition and the balance in the form of
rent, viz,º £800 plus 2½%
interest on the same, repayable quarterly in equal annual rates until extinction
of loan advanced for purchase within a period of 20 years, amounting to an
annual rental of £64, headrent included, the titledeeds to remain in
possession of the lender or lenders with a saving clause envisaging forced sale,
foreclosure and mutual compensation in the event of protracted failure to pay
the terms assigned otherwise the messuage to become
the absolute property of the tenant occupier upon expiry of the period of years stipulated.
What rapid but insecure means to opulence might facilitate immediate purchase?
A private wireless telegraph which would transmit by dot and dash system the result of a national won by an outsider at odds of 50 to 1 at 3 hr 8 m p.m at Ascot (Greenwich time) the message being received and available for betting purposes in Dublin at 2.59 p.m (Dunsink time). A prepared scheme based on a study of the laws of probability to break the bank at Monte Carlo. A solution of the secular problem of the quadrature of the circle, premium £1,000,000º sterling.
Was vast wealth acquirable through industrial channels?
The reclamation of dunams of waste arenary soil proposed in the prospectus of Agendath Netaim, Bleibtreustrasse, Berlin, W. 15, by the cultivation of orange plantations and melonfields and reafforestation. The utilisation of waste paper, fells of sewer rodents, human excrement possessing chemical properties, in the view of the vast production of the first, vast number of the second and immense quantity of the third, every normal human being of average vitality and appetite producing annually a sum total of 3 cwt to be multiplied by 4,235,000 the total population of Ireland according to theº census returns of 1901.
Were there schemes of wider scope?
A schemeº to be formulated and
submitted for approval to
commissioners for the exploitation of white coal (hydraulic power), obtained
at Dublin bar or
Poulaphouca or Powerscourt for the
economic production of electricity. A scheme to enclose the peninsular delta of the North Bull at Dollymount and erect on the space of the foreland used for golf links and rifle ranges casinos, booths, shooting galleries, hotels, boardinghouses, readingrooms, establishments for mixed bathing. A scheme for the use of dogvans and goatvans for the delivery of early morning milk. A scheme for the repristination of passenger and goods traffics over Irish waterways, when freed from weedbeds. A scheme to connect by tramline the Cattle Market (North Circular road and Prussia streetº) with the quays (Sheriff street, lower and East Wall), the cost of acquired rolling stock for animal transport and of additional mileage operated by the Dublin United Tramways Company, limited, to be covered by graziers' fees.
Was it possible to contract for these several schemes?
Given the support, by deed of gift during donor's lifetime or by bequest after donor's painless extinction, of eminent financiers (Blum Pasha, Rothschild, Guggenheim, Hirsch, Montefiore, Morgan, Rockefeller) possessing fortunes in 6 figures, ammassed during a successful life, and joining capital with opportunity the thing required was done.
For what reason did he meditate on schemes so difficult of realisation?
It was one of his axioms that similar meditations or the automatic relation to himself of a narrative concerning himself or tranquil recollection of the past when practised habitually before retiring for the night allievated fatigue and produced as a result sound repose and renovated vitality.
As a physicist he had learned that of the 70 years of complete human life at least 2⁄7, viz,º 20 years are passed in sleep. As a philosopher he knew that at the termination of any allotted life only an infinitesimal part of any person's desires has been realised. As a physiologist he believed in the artificial placation of malignant agencies chiefly operative during somnolence.
What were habitually his final meditations?
Of some one sole
unique advertisement to cause passers
to stop in
novelty, with all extraneous accretions excluded,
reduced to its
simplest and most efficient terms not exceeding the span of casual vision
and possessing the velocity of modern life.
What did the first drawer unlocked contain?
Foster's handwriting copybook,
property of Milly
(Millicent) Bloom, certain pages of which bore
which showed a large globular head with 5 hairs erect, 2 eyes in profile, the
trunk full front with 3 large buttons, 1 triangular foot:
2 fading photographs
of queen Alexandra of England and of Maud Branscombe, actress and beauty: a
bearing on it a
pictorial representation of a parasitic plant, the legend
the date Xmas
1892, the name of the senders:
Comerford, the versicle: May this
to thee, Joy and
peace and welcome glee: a butt of red partly
sealing wax, obtained from the stores department of Messrs Hely's, Ltd, 89,
90,º and 91 Dame street: an old
rolled containing sand which rolled:
a sealed prophecy
(never unsealed) written by Leopold Bloom in 1886 concerning the consequences of
the passing into law of William Ewart Gladstone's Home rule bill
of 1886 (never
passed into law): a
bazaar ticket,º N°º
2004, of S. Kevin's Charity Fair, price 6d,º 100 prizes: a cameo brooch, property of Ellen Bloom, (born Higgins), deceased,: a cameo scarfpin, property of Rudolph Bloom (born Virag), deceased:º 3 typewritten letters, addressee, Henry Flower, c/o P.O. Westland Row, addresser, Martha Clifford, c/o P.O. Dolphin's Barn: the name and address of the addresser of the 3 letters in reversed alphabetic cipher, Nzigsz Xoruuliw, Wloksrmh Yzim: a press cutting from an English weekly periodical Modern Society, subject corporal chastisement in girls' schools: a pink ribbon which had festooned an Easter egg in the year 1899: two partly uncoiled rubber preservatives with reserve pockets, purchased by post from Box 320, P.O., Charing Cross, London, W.C.: 1 pack of 1 dozen creamlaid envelopes, now reduced by 3: some assorted Austrian-Hungarian coins: 2 coupons of the Royal and Privileged Hungarian lottery: a lowpower magnifying glass: 2 erotic photocards showingº a) buccal coition between nude senorita and nude torero b) anal violation by male religious (fully clothed) of female religious (partly clothed), purchased by post from Box 320, P.O., Charing Cross, London, W.C.: a press cutting
of recipe for renovation of old tan boots: a 1d stamp, lavender, of the reign of Queen Victoria: a chart of theº measurements of Leopold Bloom compiledº before during and after 2 months' consecutive use of Sandow-Whiteley's pulley exerciser, men's 15/-, athlete's 20/-, viz,º chest 28 in and 29½ in, biceps 9 in and 10 in, forearm 8½ inº and 9 in, thigh 10 in and 12 in, calfº 11 in and 12 in: 1 prospectus of Theº Wonderworker, the world's greatest remedy for rectal complaints, direct from Wonderworker, Coventry House, South Place, London E.C.,º addressed (erroneously)º to Mrs L. Bloom with brief accompanying note commencing (erroneously)º: Dear Madam.
It heals and
soothes while you sleep, in case of trouble in breaking wind, assists nature in
the most formidable way insuringº
instant relief in
discharge of gases, keeping parts clean and free natural action, an initial
outlay of 7/6 making a new man of you and life worth living. Ladies find
Wonderworker especially useful, a pleasant surprise when they note delightful
result like a cool drink of fresh spring water on a sultry summer's day.
Recommend it to your lady and gentlemen friends, lasts a lifetime. Insert long round end. Wonderworker.
Were their testimonials?
How did absentminded beggar's testimonial conclude?
What a pity the government did not supply our men with wonderworkers during the South African campaign! What a relief it would have been!
What object did Bloom add to this collection of objects?
A 4th typewritten letter received by Henry Flower from Martha Clifford.º
What pleasant reflection accompanied this action?
The reflection that, apart from the letter in question, his face, form and
address had been favourably received during the course of the preceding day by a
wife (Mrs Josephine Breen, born Josie
Powell),º a nurse, Miss Callan (Christian
name unknown),º a maid Gertrude, (Gerty),
(family name unknownº).
What possibility suggested itself?
The possibility of exercising virile power of fascination in the notº immediate future after an expensive repast in a private apartment in the company of an elegant courtesan, of corporal beauty, moderately mercenary, variously instructed, a lady by origin.
What did the 2nd drawer contain?
Documents: the birth certificate of
£100 in the Scottish Widows'º
(Milly) Bloom, payable at 21 years: a bank
passbook issued by
the Ulster Bank, College Green branch showing
statement of a/c
for halfyear ending 31 December 1903, balance in depositor's favour:
£18-14-6 (eighteen pounds, fourteen shillings and sixpence, sterling),
dockets of the Catholic Cemeteries' (Glasnevin) Committee, relative to a
graveplot purchased: a local press cutting concerning
change of name by deedpoll.
Quote the textual terms of this notice.
I, Rudolph Virag, now resident at n°º 52 Clanbrassil street, Dublin, formerly of Szombathely in the kingdom of Hungary,º hereby give that I have assumed and intend henceforth upon all occasions and at all times to be known by the name of Rudolph Bloom.
What other objects relative to Rudolph Bloom (born Virag) were in the 2nd drawer?
Rudolph Virag and his father Leopold Virag executed in the year 1852
in the portrait
atelier of their (respectively) 1st and 2nd cousin, Stefan Virag of
book in which a pair
of hornrimmed convex spectacles inserted marked the passage of thanksgiving
in the ritual prayers for Pessach (Passover):
a photocard of the
Queen's Hotel, Ennis, proprietor, Rudolph Bloom: an envelope addressed: To My Dear Son Leopold.
What reminiscences did these objects evoke in Bloom?
An old man,º widower, unkempt ofº hair, in bed, with head covered, sighing: an infirm dog, Athos: veronal, resorted to by increasing doses of grains and scruples as a palliative of recrudescent neuralgia: the face in death of a suicide by poison.
of the use of fleshmeat and milk at one
meal:º the circumcision of male
infants: the supernatural character of Judaic scripture: the sanctity of
How did these beliefs and practices now appear to him?
Not more rational than they had then appeared, not less rational than other beliefs and practices now appeared.
What first reminiscence had he of Rudolph Bloom (deceased)?
(deceased) narrated to his son Leopold Bloom (aged 6) a retrospective
arrangement of migrations and settlements in and between Dublin, London,
Florence, Milan, Szombathely with statements of satisfaction
having seen Maria
Theresia, empress of Austria, queen of Hungary), with commercial advice
(having taken care
of pence, the pounds having taken care of themselves). Leopold Bloom (aged
6) had accompanied this narrations by
constant consultation of a geographical map
of Europe (political) and by suggestions for the establishment of affiliated business premises in the various centres mentioned.
Had time equally but differently obliterated the memory of these migrations in narrator and listener?
In narrator by the access of years and in consequence of the use of narcotic toxin: in listener by the access of years and in consequence of the action of distraction upon vicarious experiences.
What idiosyncracies of the narrator were concomitant products of amnesia?
Occasionally he ate without having previously removed his hat. Occasionally he drank voraciously the juice of gooseberryº fool from an inclined plate. Occasionally he removed from his lips the traces of food by means of a lacerated envelope or other fragment of paper.
What two phenomena were more frequent?
From what reverse of fortune did these supports protect their possessor?
that of the sandwichman, distributor of throwaways, nocturnal vagrant, maimed
sailor, blind stripling, bailiff's man. Poverty: that of the outdoor
hawker of imitation jewellery, the dun for the recovery of bad and doubtful debts, the poor rate and deputy cess collector.
With which attendant indignities?
The indifference of previously amiable females, the contempt of males, the acceptance of fragments of bread, the simulated ignorance of casual acquaintances, the latration of illegitimate vagabond dogs, the infantile discharge of vegetable missiles.
By what could such a situation be precluded?
By decease:º by departure.
What considerations rendered itº not entirely undesirable.
What considerations rendered itº not irrational?
The parties concerned, uniting, had increased and multiplied, which being done, offspring produced and educed to maturity, the parties, if not disunited for increase and multiplication were obliged to reunite to form the original couple of uniting parties, which was absurd.
What considerations rendered it desirable?
The attractive character of certain
localities in Ireland and abroad.
The cliffs of
Moher, the windy wilds of Connemara,
lough Neagh with
Causeway, Fort Camden and Fort Carlisle,
the Golden Vale of
Tiperrary, the islands of Aran, the pastures of royal Meath, Brigid's
elm in Kildare, the Queen's Island shipyard in Belfast, the Salmon Leap, the lakes of Killarney.
Ceylonº (with spicegardens supplying tea to Tom Kernan), the temple of Jerusalem (where meeting was convened from year to year), the straits of Gibraltar (the unique birthplace of Marion Tweedy), the Parthenon (containing statues ofº nude Grecian divinities),º the Wall street money market (which controlled international finance), the Plaza de Toros at La Linea, Spain (where O'Hara of the Camerons had slain the bull), Niagara (over which no human being had passed with impunity), the land of the Eskimos, (eaters of soap), the forbidden country of Thibet (from which no traveller returns), the bay of Naples (to see which was to die), the dead sea.
What public advertisement would divulge the occultation of the departed?
£5 reward, missing gent about 40, height 5 ftº 8½ inches, full build, olive complexion, may have since grown a beard, when last seen was wearing a black suit. Above sum will be paid for information leading to his discovery.
Would the departed never nowhere nohow reappear?
Ever he would wander to the extreme limit of his cometary orbit, beyond the fixed stars and variable suns and telescopic planets, astronomical waifs and strays, passing from land to land, among peoples, amid events. Somewhere imperceptibly heº would hearº and obey the summons of recall. Disappearing from the constellation of the Northern Crown he would somehow reappear reborn above delta in the constellation of Cassiopeia and after incalculable eons of peregrination return an avenger, a wreaker of justice on malefactors, a dark crusader, a sleeper awakened, with financial resources surpassing those of Rothschild or the silver king.
What rendered departure undesirable and irrational?
The lateness of the hour, the obscurity of the night, the uncertainty of thoroughfares, the necessity for repose, the proximity of an occupied bed, the anticipation of warmth (human) tempered with coolness (linen).
What advantages were possessed by an occupied, as distinct from an unoccupied bed?
The removal of nocturnal solitude, the stimulation of matutinal contact, the economy of mangling done on the premises in the case of trousers accurately folded and placed lengthwise between the spring mattress and the woollen mattress.
What past consecutive causes of fatigue did Bloom, before rising, silently enumerate?
The preparation of breakfast, the bath, the funeral, the advertisement of Alexander Keyes, the unsubstantial lunch, the visit to museum and national library, the bookhunt along Bedford row, Merchants Arch, Wellington Quay, the music in the Ormond Hotel, the altercation in Bernard Kiernan's premises, a blank period of time including a cardrive, a visit to a house of mourning, a leavetaking, the eroticism produce by feminine exhibitionism, the prolonged delivery of Mrs Mina Purefoy, the visit to the disorderly house of Mrs Bella Cohen, 82 Tyrone street, lower and subsequent brawl in Beaver street, nocturnal perambulation to and from the cabman's shelter, Butt Bridge.
A provisional failure to obtain renewal of an advertisement,
to obtain a certain
quantity of tea from Thomas Kernan,
agentº for Pulbrook, Robertson and
Coº, Mincing Lane, London
to obtain admission
(gratuitous or paid) to the performance of Leah by Mrs Bandmann
Palmer at the Gaiety Theatre, South Anne street.
What impression of an absent face did Bloom, arrested, silently recall?
What personal objects were perceived by him?
A pair of new inodorous halfsilk black ladies' stockings, a pair of new violet garters, a pair of outsize ladies' drawers of India mull, cut on generous lines, redolent of opoponax, jessamine and Muratti's Turkish cigarettes and containing a long bright steel safety pin, folded curvilinear, a camisole of batiste with thin lace border, a short blue silk petticoat, all these objects being disposed irregularly on the top of a rectangular trunk, quadruple battened, having capped corners, with multicoloured labels, initialled on its fore side in white lettering B.C.T. (Brian Cooper Tweedy).
What impersonal objects were perceived?
Orangekeyed ware, bought of Henry Price, basket, fancy goods, chinaware and ironmongery manufacturer 21 to 23 Moore streetº, disposed irregularly on the washstand and floor,º and consisting of basin, soapdish and brushtray (on the washstand, together), pitcher and night article (on the floor, separate).
the articles of clothing on a chair, removed his other articles of clothing,
took from beneath the bolster at the head of the bed a folded long white
nightshirt, inserted his head and arms into the proper apertures of the
nightshirt, removed a pillow from the head to the foot of the bed, prepared the
bedlinen accordingly and entered the bed.
circumspection, as invariably when entering an abode (his own or not his
own): with solicitude, the
springs of the mattress being old,
the brass quoits and
pendent viper radii loose and tremulous under
stress and strain:
prudently, as entering a lair or ambush of lust or adders: lightly, the less to
the bed of
conception and birth, of consummation of marriage and breach of marriage, of sleep, of death.
What did his limbs when gradually extended encounter?
New clean bedlinen, additional odours, the presence of a human form, female, hers, the imprint of a human form, male, not his, some crumbs, some flakes of potted meat, recooked, which he removed.
To reflect that each one who enters imagines himself to be the first to enter whereas he is always the last term of a preceding series even if the first term of a succeeding one, each imagining himself to be first, last, only and alone whereasº he is neither first nor last nor only nor alone.
What preceding series?
Assuming Mulvey to be the first term of his series, Penrose, Bartell d'Arcy, professor Goodwin, Julius Mastiansky, John Henry Menton, Father Bernard Corrigan, a farmer at the Royal Dublin Society's Horse Show, Maggot O'Reilly, Matthew Dillon, Valentine Blake Dillon (Lord Mayor of Dublin), Christopher Callinan, Lenehan, an Italian organgrinder, an unknown gentleman in the Gaiety Theatre, Benjamin Dollard, Simon Dedalus, Andrew (Pisser) Burke, Joseph Cuffe, Wisdom Hely, Alderman John Hooper, Dr Brady, Father Sebastian of Mount Argus, a bootblack at the General Post Officeº, Edward (Blazes) Boylan.
What were his reflections concerning the last member of this series and last occupant of the bed?
Why this last quality?
Because he had observed with augmenting frequency in the preceding members of the same series the same concupiscence, inflammably transmitted,º first with alarm, then with understanding, then with desire, finally with fatigue, with alternate symptoms of comprehension and apprehension.
With what antagonistic sentiments were his subsequent reflections affected?
Envy, jealousy, abnegation, equanimity.
Of a bodily and mental male organism specially adapted for the superincumbent posture of energetic human copulation necessary for the complete satisfaction of a constant but not acute concupiscence resident in a bodily and mental female organism passive but not obtuse.
Because a nature full and volatile, in her free state, was alternately the agent and reagent of attraction. Because attraction between agents and reagents at all instants varied, with inverse proportion of increase and decrease, with incessant circular extension and radial reentrance. Because the controlled contemplation of the fluctuation of attraction produced, if desired, a fluctuation of pleasure.
In virtue of a) acquaintance initiated in September 1903 in the establishment of George Mesias, merchant tailor and outfitter, 5 Eden Quay, b) hospitality extended and received, c) comparative youth subject to influences of ambition and magnanimity.
As not so
calamitous as a cataclysmic annihilation of the planet in consequence of a
a dark sun.
reprehensible than theft, highway robbery, cruelty to children and animals,
obtaining money under false pretences, forgery, embezzlement, misappropriation
of public money, betrayal of public trust, malingering, mayhem, corruption of
minors, criminal liber,
contempt of court, arson, treason,º
felony, mutiny on the high seas, trespass, burglary, jailbreaking,
unnatural vice, desertion from armed forces in the field, perjury, poaching,
usury, intelligence with the king's enemies, impersonation, criminal
assault, manslaughter, wilful and premeditated murder. As not more abnormal than
all other parallelº processes of
adaptation to altered conditions of existence, resulting in a
between the bodily
organism and its attendant circumstances, foods, beverages,
acquired habits, indulged inclinations, significant disease. As more than inevitable, irreparable.
What retribution, if any?
Assassination, never. Duel by combat, no. Divorce, not yet. Damages by legal influence, not impossibly. Hushmoney by moral influence, possibly.º If any, positively, connivance, introduction of emulation, depreciation, alienation, humiliation, separation protecting one separated from the other, protecting theº separator from both.
In what final satisfaction did these antagonistic sentiments and reflections converge?
Satisfaction at the ubiquity in eastern and western terrestrial hemispheres of adipose anterior andº posterior female hemispheres, redolent of excretory sanguine and seminal warmth, expressive of mute immutable mature animality.
The visible signs of satisfaction?
An approximate erection: a solicitous adversion: a gradual elevation: a tentative revelation:º a silent contemplation.
The visible signs of postsatisfaction?
A silent contemplation: a tentative velation: a gradual abasement: a solicitous aversion: a proximate erection.
What followed this silent action?
Somnolent invocation, less somnolent recognition, incipient excitation, catechetical interrogation.
With what modifications did the narrator reply to this interrogations.
Negative: he omitted to mention the clandestine correspondence between
Martha Clifford and Henry Flower, the public altercation at, in and in the
vicinity of the licensed premises of Bernard Kiernan and Co, Limited, 8, 9 and
10 Little Britain street, the erotic provocation and response thereto caused by
the exhibitionism of Gertrude (Gerty), surname unknown. Positive: he included
mention of a performance by Mrs Bandmann Palmer of Leah at the Gaiety
Theatre, South Anne street, an invitation to supper at Wynn's
(Murphy's) Hotel 35, 36 and 37 Lower Abbey street, a temporary
caused by a falsely calculated movement in the course of a postcenal gymnastic
display, the victim (since completely recovered) being Stephen Dedalus,
professor and author, eldest
surviving son of Simon Dedalus, of no fixed occupation.
Was the narration otherwise unaltered by modifications?
Which event or person emerged as the salient point of his narration?
Stephen Dedalus, professor and author.
What limitations of activity were perceived by listener and narrator concerning themselves during the course of this intermittent and increasingly laconic narration?
By the listener a limitation of fertility inasmuch as
marriage have been
celebrated 2 calendar months after the 18th anniversary of her birth (8
September 1870), viz,º
8 October, and
consummated on the same with female issue born 15 June 1889, having been
anticipatorily consummated on the 10 September of the same year and complete
carnal intercourse, with ejaculation of semen within the female natural organ,
having taken place 5 weeks previous,
viz,º 27 November 1894, to the birth on
29 December 1894 of second (and only male) issue, deceased 9 January 1895, aged
11 days, there remained a period of 9 years, 5 months and 18 days during which
carnal intercourse had been incomplete, without ejaculation of semen within the
natural female organ. By the narrator a limitation of activity, mental and
corporal, inasmuch as complete mental intercourse between himself and the listener had not taken place since the consummation of puberty, indicated by catamenic hemorrhage, of the female issue of narrator and listener, 15 September 1903, there remained a period of 9 months and 1 day during which,º in consequence of a preestablished natural comprehension in incomprehension between the consummated females (listener and issue), complete corporal liberty of action had been circumscribed.
By various reiterated interrogation concerning the destination whither, the place where, the time at which, the duration for which, the object with which in the case of temporary absences, projected or effected.
What moved visibly above the listener's and the narrator's invisible thoughts?
In what state of rest or motion?
At rest relatively to themselves and to each other. In motion being each and both carried westward, forward and rereward respectively, by the proper perpetual motion of the earth through everchanging tracks of neverchanging space.
In what posture?
Listener: reclined semilaterally, left, left hand under head, right leg
extended in a straight line and resting on left leg, flexed, in the attitude of
recumbent, big with seed. Narrator:
laterally, left, with right and left legs flexed, the index and thumb of the
right hand resting on the bridge of the nose,
in the attitude
photograph made by Percy Apjohn, the childman weary, the manchild in the womb.
He rests. He has travelled.
Sinbad the Sailor and Tinbad the Tailor and Jinbad the Jailer and Whinbad the Whaler and Ninbad the Nailer and Finbad the Failer and Binbad the Bailer and Pinbad the Pailer and Minbad the Mailer and Hinbad the Hailer and Rinbad the Railer and Dinbad the Kailer and Vinbad the Gailer and Linbad the Yailer and Xinbad the Phthailer.