ULYSSES

Notebooks & Notesheets

A descriptive list

Compiled by Danis Rose and John O'Hanlon

Chronological Table of Notebooks and Notesheets

Although some items (including individual notesheets) undoubtedly remain missing, we now possess the bulk of Joyce's notes for Ulysses. The appended dates (which may be revised later) refer primarily to earliest known usage of the material. It is clear, however, that for the intermediate and late notebooks, where the notes are sorted according to Ulysses episodes, the listings were added to, replenished, so to speak, from various sources including the notesheets (see below) at later times so that an individual notebook may have been filled over an extended period.

Early Notebooks: Autumn-Winter 1917/1918

N1 (NLI.3)
The earliest known Ulysses-specific manuscript, un1 is unusual in that, harking back to the so-called “Alphabetical notebook” prepared for A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in 1910, its entries are pre-sorted according to characters (including, for the first time, ‘Leopold’) and themes rather than to the Homeric episode-names.
Detail: National Library of Ireland Add. MS 36,639/3: Mathematics exercise book with pink-red cover. Printed label pasted to outer front cover: “Modello e / Quaderno Officiale / ARITMETICA / per tutte le Classi delle Scuole primarie e maggiori” [32] unnumbered pages, 22 x 17.2 cm.
Transcription: unused elements copied by Mme France Raphael in mid-1930s into Finnegans Wake notebook VI.C.7 255-269 (see JJA 41:436-440) = VI.D.4D.
Published edition: The Dublin Ulysses papers, vol. 3, ed. Danis Rose (East Lansing: House of Breathings, 2012). For a fuller account of the contents of this notebook, see Wim Van Mierlo, “The Subject Notebook: A Nexus in the Composition History of Ulysses—A Preliminary Analysis”, Genetic Joyce Studies, Issue 7 (Spring 2007).
Date: probably purchased by Joyce in Locarno in mid-October 1917.
Earliest dateable use: Telemachus fair copy: Locarno, November 1917.

See also: Wim Van Mierlo, “The Subject Notebook: A Nexus in the Composition History of Ulysses — A Preliminary AnalysisGenetic Joyce Studies 2007. Sources
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N2 (VI.D.7)
This is the first of a pair of so-called ‘primary’ notebooks, into which Joyce entered material directly from his reading. The notebook includes details of the goings-on in Dublin and elsewhere around Bloomsday (16 June 1904, noted here for the first time) copied from the Times; slang-words from Dictionaries and notes on Homeric themes.
Detail: Missing notebook.
Transcription: unused elements copied by Mme France Raphael in mid-1930s into Finnegans Wake notebook VI.C.16 232-274 (see JJA 42:348-359)
Published edition: The Lost Notebook, ed. Danis Rose & John O'Hanlon (Edinburgh: Split Pea Press, 1989). This is an annotated version of the notebook reconstructed from the transcribed pages in VI.C.16 and from clues in other Ulysses manuscripts (notebooks, notesheets and drafts).
Date: probably purchased by Joyce in Locarno in late 1917 or in Zurich in January 1918.
Earliest dateable use: Proteus eo-text and proto-text: Locarno/Zurich, December 1917/January 1918.
Sources
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N3 (VIII.A.5)
The second of a pair of ‘primary’ notebooks, un3 includes, inter alia, notes on Homeric themes etc continued from un2.
Detail: Buffalo MS VIII.A.5 (see JJA 12:129-166): Pocket-sized notebook, 17.4 x 10.8 cm. Blue paper covers. 25 leaves of graph paper (last leaf torn from notebook), stapled: first 33 pages and last 3 pages written on; 14 pages blank: late 1917.
Published edition: Joyce's Notes and Early Drafts for Ulysses: Selections from the Buffalo Collection, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977), pages [1]-33.
Date: probably purchased by Joyce in Zurich in early 1918.
Earliest dateable use: Hades fair copy: Zurich, May 1918.
Sources
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Intermediate Notebooks: late 1918 – early 1919

In the following two notebooks, which form a pair, the notes are sorted according to Ulysses episodes. They were initially compiled for the purpose of revising (and expanding) already-drafted episodes

N4 (NLI.5A)
Detail: National Library of Ireland Add. MS 36,639/5A: Purple-grey marbled outer cover; grey-green plain inner cover. [60] unnumbered pages. 21 x 15.5 cm. Fragment of decorative label on front outer cover with text in pencil: “13A / ADD[...]” (possibly ‘ADDITIONS’) The covers are detached from the binding and from each other. On inner front cover in pencil: “Dabcd” (indicating that the notebook was used again ca. 1926 in revising the typescript of Finnegans Wake III.1-4).
Transcription: unused elements copied by Mme France Raphael in mid-1930s into Finnegans Wake notebook VI.C.7 136-201 (see JJA 41:401-423) = VI.D.4A
Published edition: The Dublin Ulysses papers, vol. 4, ed. Danis Rose (East Lansing: House of Breathings, 2012). In this edition, many of the crossed entries marked "unlocated" in Ulysses may have been worked into Finnegans Wake; e.g. “annoying part of it was”, “and what's more”, etc., but this remains to be confirmed).
Date: probably begun at the end of 1918/early 1919 but filled in over a protracted period.
Earliest dateable use: Scylla drafts, Sirens drafts: Zurich, late 1918-Spring 1919.
Sources
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N5 (NLI.5B)
Detail: National Library of Ireland Add. MS 36,639/5B: Plain blue covers. [24] unnumbered pages. 21.7 x 17.2 cm. In pencil at top right of recto of front cover: “13B”. On recto of end cover: “Dabcd” (indicating that the notebook was used again ca. 1926 in revising the typescript of Finnegans Wake III.1-4). The covers are detached from the binding and from each other.
Transcription: unused elements copied by Mme France Raphael in mid-1930s into Finnegans Wake notebook VI.C.7 202-234 (see JJA 41:423-431) = VI.D.4B
Published edition: The Dublin Ulysses papers, vol. 5, ed. Danis Rose (East Lansing: House of Breathings, 2012).
Date: probably begun at the end of 1918/early 1919 but filled in over a protracted period.
Earliest dateable use: Scylla drafts, Sirens drafts: Zurich, late 1918-Spring 1919.
Sources
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Summer 1920

“I arrived here [Paris] with my family three days ago. My intention is to remain here three months in order to write the last adventure Circe in peace (?) and also the first episode of the close. For this purpose I brought with me a recast of my notes and MS and also an extract of insertions for the first half of the book in case it be set up during my stay here. The book contains (unfortunately) one episode more than you suppose in your last letter. I am very tired of it and so is everybody else.”
Letters I, 142: to Harriet Weaver, 12 July 1920.

Late Notebooks: 1921

These, the last of the Ulysses notebooks, again form a pair. They were compiled principally for revising (expanding) the various episodes at galley and page-proof stage.

N6 (NLI.4)
Detail: National Library of Ireland Add. MS 36,639/4: Copybook in plain blue cover. [24] pages 21.7 x 17.5 cm. On back cover (inner) in MS “Dabcd” (indicating that the notebook was used again ca. 1926 in revising the typescript of Finnegans Wake III.1-4).
Transcription: unused elements copied by Mme France Raphael in mid-1930s into Finnegans Wake notebook VI.C.7 235-254 (see JJA 41:431-436) = VI.D.4C
Published edition: The Dublin Ulysses papers, vol. 6, ed. Danis Rose (East Lansing: House of Breathings, 2012).
Date: probably begun early in 1921 but filled in over a few months.
Earliest dateable use: Eumeus drafts: Paris, January-February 1921
Sources
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N7 (V.A.2)
Detail: Buffalo MS V.A.2 (see JJA 12:97-125): Copybook, covers missing. 20 leaves ruled paper 22.5 x 16.9 cm.
Published edition: Joyce's Notes and Early Drafts for Ulysses: Selections from the Buffalo Collection, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977), pages [35]-118.
Date: probably begun early in 1921 but filled in over a few months.
Earliest dateable use: Eumeus drafts: Paris, January-February 1921.
Sources
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Notesheets: Summer 1919 – Summer 1921

Episode specific notes, used principally in drafting the final 7 Ulysses episodes.

Sheets 12 (Cyclops Notesheets)
Sheets 1 to 10: same order of sheets as Herring, but revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 6-8: 3 large folios folded into 10 used and 2 blank “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. Summer 1919, Zurich
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Cyclops drafts: Zurich, June-July 1919.
Sources
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Sheets 13 (Nausicaa Notesheets):
Sheets 1 to 8: same order of sheets as Herring, but revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 9-10: 2 large folios folded into 8 used “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. Late 1919, Trieste.
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Nausicaa drafts: Trieste, November 1919.
Sources
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Sheets 14 (Oxen Notesheets):
Sheets 1 to 21: not in the same order of sheets as Herring, and with a revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 11-15: 5 large folios folded into 21 used “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. Early 1920, Trieste.
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Oxen of the Sun drafts: Trieste, Spring 1920.
Sources
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Sheets 15 (Circe Notesheets):
Sheets 1 to 21: not in the same order of sheets as Herring, and with a revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 16-21: 6 large folios folded into 8 used “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. Spring and Summer 1920, Trieste and Paris,
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Circe drafts: Trieste/Paris, Spring-Summer 1920.
Sources
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Sheets 16 (Eumeus Notesheets):
Sheets 1 to 7: same order of sheets as Herring, but revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 22-23: 2 large folios folded into 7 used “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. Early 1921, Paris.
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Eumeus drafts: Paris, January 1921.
Sources
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Sheets 17 (Ithaca Notesheets):
Sheets 1 to 16: same order of sheets as Herring, but revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 24-27: 4 large folios folded into 16 used “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. 1921, Paris.
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Ithaca drafts: Paris, April 1921.
Sources
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Sheets 18 (Penelope Notesheets):
Sheets 1 to 7: same order of sheets as Herring, but revised order of units
BL Add MS 49975, fols. 28-29: 2 large folios folded into 7 used “notesheets”. For convenience these are here further divided into segments (left and right columns, margins, etc) to indicate the disposition of notes on the page. 1921, Paris.
Published edition: Joyce's Ulysses Notesheets in the British Museum, ed. Phillip Herring (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1972). Also published in facsimile in the James Joyce Archive vol. 12 (New York: Garland, 1978).
Earliest dateable use: Penelope drafts: Paris, August 1921.
Sources
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Sheets 19 (Virtual):
These “virtual” or imaginary notesheets have been compiled to act as a repository for details from known sources, for which no extant manuscripts are available. In the case of the Irish Independent of June 16/17, 1904, and the Evening Telegraph of June 16, 1904, it is possible that Joyce worked directly from the sources without first taking notes (thus the originals are their own notesheets).
Earliest dateable use: Sector 2: Wandering Rocks fair copy: Zurich, January 1919. Sector 3: Eumeus early draft: Paris, January 1921.
Sources