Finnegans Wake

I.4: Book I Chap. 4

Details of the various draft stages.

Compiled by Danis Rose and John O'Hanlon

2010 edition FW pages 60-82
1939 edition FW pages 75-103

I.4 Protodrafts

Section 1: 1939 FW 75 - 96.25

I.4§1A.0
First draft (pencil) of 1939 FW 75-91.33, written in a large red-backed notebook following immediately on the same page the end of I.3§3.0; fols. 8r and 18v also contain material for I.2§2.1 and I.5§2.2, respectively; probably November 1923 (see Letters, III, 19 November 1923).
MS: BL 47471b, fols. 8v, 8r, 17r, 17v, 18r, 18v, 19r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 3-9
Notebooks used: N1 (VI.B.10), N5 (VI.B.2)°, N6 (VI.B.11) (dominant), N7 (VI.X.2 & VI.B.49e)°, N9 (VI.B.1)°

I.4§1A.1
Fair copy (pencil), in the same notebook following immediately on the same page the end of I.3§3.1; fols. 22v-23r and 26v-27r also contain material (written later) for I.5§2.2 and I.5§1.0, respectively; probably November-December 1923.
MS: BL 47471b, fols. 21v, 22r, 22v, 23r, 23v, 24r, 24v, 25r, 26r, 26v, 27r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 10-21
Notebooks used: N1 (VI.B.10), N3 (VI.B.3), N5 (VI.B.2)°, N6 (VI.B.11)°, N7 (VI.X.2 & VI.B.49e)

I.4§1A.2
Fair copy (ink), uniform with and following on the same page the end of I.3§3.2; probably December 1923.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 132r, 133r, 134r, 135r, 135v, 136r 137r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 22-28
Notebooks used: SA (VI.A), N1 (VI.B.10), N4 (VI.B.25)

SECTION TWO: 1939 FW 096.26-103

I.4§2.0
First draft (pencil) of 1939 FW 096.26-101.25, in the large red-backed notebook; fols. 28v-29r also contain material (written later) used in I.5§10; probably November-December 1923.
MS: BL 47471b, fols. 27v, 28r, 28v, 29r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 46-49
Notebooks used: SA (VI.A)°, N1 (VI.B.10), N3 (VI.B.3)°, N4 (VI.B.25)°, N5 (VI.B.2)°, N6 (VI.B.11)°

I.4§2.1
Fair copy (pencil), including an extension to 1939 FW 102.17, in the same notebook; fol. 34r, fols. 34v and 35v, and fol. 36r also contain material(written later) for I.5§1.0, I.5§1.0χ and I.5§3.0, and I.5§2.1, respectively; probably December 1923.
MS: BL 47471b, fols. 34r, 34v, 35r, 35v, 36r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 51-55
Notebooks used: N1 (VI.B.10)°, N3 (VI.B.3), N4 (VI.B.25)°, N6 (VI.B.11)

I.4§2.1χ
Draft of a sentence for the final paragraph of §2.1 above; this page also contains material for I.5§1.0, 2.0, and 3.0; probably December 1923.
MS: BL 47471b, fol. 30r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 56

I.4§2.2
Fair copy (ink), immediately preceding and uniform with I.5§1.2; probably early January 1924.
MS: BL 47473, fols. 3r, 4r, 5r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 57-59
Notebooks used: —

Copy for transition

I.4§1A.3
First typescript, including as an addition the first draft of the final segment, 1939 FW 091.33-092.05; uniform with and following on the same page the end of I.3§1.3/2.3/3.3; probably January 1924 (see Letters, I, 16 January 1924) but revised again in 1926-1927.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 155v, 156r, 156v, 157r, 158r, 159r, 159v, 160r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 31-37
Notebooks used: SA (VI.A)°, N1 (VI.B.10)°, N3 (VI.B.3), N6 (VI.B.11)°, N9 (VI.B.1), N10 (VI.B.16), N11 (VI.B.5), N12 (VI.B.14), N13 (VI.D.3)°, N14 (VI.B.7)°, N15 (VI.D.2)°, N17 (VI.B.9), N18 (VI.B.8), N19 (VI.B.19), N21 (VI.B.20), N22 (VI.B.17), N23 (VI.B.12), N25 (VI.B.15), N26 (VI.B.18)

I.4§2.3
First typescript, including a holograph extension to 1939 FW 102.19; prepared in conjunction with I.5§1.3, the first lines of which have been cut out of fol. 162r; probably January 1924 but perhaps revised in early 1925 and again in late 1926-early 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 161r, 161v, 162r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 61-63
Notebooks used: N1 (VI.B.10), N8 (VI.B.6)°, N9 (VI.B.1), N10 (VI.B.16)°, N11 (VI.B.5), N12 (VI.B.14), N14 (VI.B.7)°, N18 (VI.B.8), N19 (VI.B.19)°, N21 (VI.B.20), N22 (VI.B.17), N23 (VI.B.12), N26 (VI.B.18)

I.4§1B.3
First draft (pencil) of 1939 FW 092.06-96.24, written on the versos of pages in the large reddish notebook containing the second draft of I.1; probably late 1926 early 1927.
MS: BL 47471a, fols. 6v, 3v, 2v, 1v, 7v, 8v
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 38-43
Notebooks used: N1 (VI.B.10)°, N8 (VI.B.6)°, N12 (VI.B.14), N13 (VI.D.3)°, N16 (VI.D.1)°, N18 (VI.B.8)°, N19 (VI.B.19)°

I.4§1.4/2.4 (See also I.4§1.4+/2.4+)
Fair copy (ink), written in two parts but later combined and revised as a unit; §1.4 was originally uniform with I.3§1.4/2.4/3.4, the final paragraph of which is included on fol. 193r; probably March 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 193r, 194r, 195r, 196r, 197r, 198r, 199r, 200r, 201r, 202r, 203r, 204r, 205r, 206r, 207r / 208r 209r, 210r, 211r, 212r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 67-86
Notebooks used: N8 (VI.B.6)°, N9 (VI.B.1)°, N13 (VI.D.3)°, N19 (VI.B.19)°, N25 (VI.B.15), N26 (VI.B.18)°

I.4§1.4+/2.4+
A number of late additions not included in the above fair copy but incorporated into the textual substratum of the following typescript, especially the second part; probably April 1927.
MS: missing
Notebooks used: SA (VI.A)°

I.4§1.5/2.5 (See also I.4§1.5+/2.5+)
Typescript, again including the final paragraph of I.3; prepared in two (textually nonsignificant) parts; parts one (fols. 253-270) and two (fols. 272-289) consist of the top copy of a typescript of fair-copy fols. 193-202 and the carbon of a typescript of fols. 203-212, respectively; probably April or May 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 253r, 254r, 255r, 260r, 261r, 262r, 263r, 264r, 265r, 266r, 267r, 289r, 270r, 272r, 278r, 279r, 280r, 281r, 282r, / 285r, 286r, 287r, 288r, 289r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 89-111
Notebooks used: SA (VI.A), N1 (VI.B.10)°, N5 (VI.B.2), N6 (VI.B.11), N8 (VI.B.6), N10 (VI.B.16), N11 (VI.B.5)°, N12 (VI.B.14), N14 (VI.B.7)°, N18 (VI.B.8)°, N22 (VI.B.17)°, N25 (VI.B.15), N26 (VI.B.18)

I.4§1.5+/2.5+
Retyped versions of fols. 255r, 267r, 272r, and 282r, with further additions; retyped version (missing) of fol. 289r, including as an addition (also missing) the concluding poem 28 May, 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 258r, 259r, 268r, 273r, 274r, 284r / [missing]
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 112-117, [missing]
Notebooks used: N25 (VI.B.15), N26 (VI.B.18)

I.4§1.5+'/2.5+'
Carbons of §1.5+, plus two duplicates, lacking the poem, of the missing retyped 289r; May 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fols. 256r, 257r, 269r, 275r, 276r, 283r / 290r, 291r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 118-123; 126-127

I.4§1.5+''
Intended duplicate of fol. 272r; probably typed directly from the fair copy (and missing the addition ‘auld’ from §1.4+); with the revisions on fol. 272r carefully written in by an amanuensis; May 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fol. 271r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 124

I.4§1.5++
Retyped version (lacking second page) of fol. 271r; lacks revisions made on fol. 273r; May 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fol. 277r, [missing]
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 125, [missing]

I.4§1.6/2.6
Typescript (mixed top copy and carbons; incomplete, lacks p.53a) prepared for the printer of transition 4; this draft (which again includes the final paragraph of 1.3) was assembled page by page from the preceding typescript (I.4§1.5/2.5 and I.4§1.5+/2.5+), and includes several pages which (probably) were not retyped, and also a duplicate of fol. 292r; probably April-May 1927 (see Letters, I, 20 May and 28 May, 1927).
MS: BL 47472, fols. 294r, 295r, 296r, (259r), 297r, 298r, (262r), 299r, 300r, 301r, 302r, (268r); (270r), 303r, 304r, 305r, (279r), (280r), (281r), 306r, 307r, / 308r, missing, 309r, 310r, 311r, 312r, 313r, 314r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 131-152, [missing], 153-159
Notebooks used: N26 (VI.B.18)

I.4§2.6'
Carbon of fol. 314r, with an earlier state of the revisions copied in; May 1927.
MS: BL 47472, fol. 292r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 128

I.4§1.7/2.7 (See also I.4§1.7+/2.7+)
Galley proofs for transition 4; dated by the printer 27 May 1927 and sent to Sylvia Beach 6 June 1927 (see Letters, Beach, 28 May, 4 June and 6 June 1927).
MS: BL 47472, fols. 367r 368r, 369r, 370r 371r, 372r, 373r, 374r, 375r, 376r, Buff VI.F.2 1, 2, 3, BL 47472 377r, 378r, / (378r), 379r 380r, 381r, 382r 383r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 161-170, not reproduced, 172-178
Notebooks used: N8 (VI.B.6)°, N23 (VI.B.12)°, N26 (VI.B.18)

I.4§1.7+'/2.7+'
Final page proofs (incomplete) for transition 4. Similar to published version but with more lines per page. No corrections. One sheet. June 1927.
MS: NLI 18/B/1, pages 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53 (online), [missing] / [missing]
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): not reproduced.

Note: transition 4 was published July 1927.

I.4§1.7+/2.7+
Final additions (received too late) for proofs of transition 4, included in letters to Sylvia Beach dated 9 June, 10 June and 18 June 1927.
MS: Buffalo X.C.144, X.C.145, / X.C.148
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): not reproduced.

Copy for Faber and Faber

Note: In preparing copy of Book I for the printer of Finnegans Wake Joyce collected and numbered in sequence pages from transition 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 (including pages from the ‘Mookse and Gripes’ episode in Tales Told of Shem and Shaun), 7, and pages from the Faber and Faber edition of Anna Livia Plurabelle. Assembling the material to be revised took place in October 1931 (see Letters, III 27 October 1931) and the revised material (the second set below) delivered to Faber and Faber in March 1933 (see Letters, NLFF unpublished, 10 March, and 12 March 1933). Joyce signed off on the revisions (including some later emendations sent in 1936 on 11 July 1936 (see the note by Joyce on BL 47475, fol. 1r).

I.4§1.8/2.8 (See also I.4§1.8+/2.8+ and I.4§1.8++)
Marked pages of transition 4 (July 1927) prepared for the printer of Finnegans Wake; numbered to follow I.3§1.8/2.8/3.8; probably early 1930s.
MS: BL 47475, fols. 32v, 33r-v, 34r-v, 35r-v, 36r-v, 37r-v, 38r-v, 39r-v, 40r, / 41r-v, 42r-v
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 180-190
Notebooks used: SA (VI.A)°, SD1 (VI.A)°, SD2 (VI.A), N18 (VI.B.8)°, N33 (VI.B.4), N42 (VI.B.31)

I.4§1.8+/2.8+
Duplicate transition 4 pages with the overlay from the preceding draft repeated (some typed on separate sheets and keyed to the transition 4 pages), and with further overlay; probably 1933.
MS: BL 47475, fols. 121v, 209r, 122r, 210r, 122v, 211r, 123r, 212r, 123v, 213r, 124r, 214r, 124v, 125r, 215r, 125v, 216r, 126r, 217r, 126v, 218r, 127r, 219r, 127v, 128r, 128v, 129r, / (129r), 220r, 129v, 221r, 130r, 222r, 130v, 223r, 131r
JJA 46 (Book I Chapters 4 and 5): 191-227
Notebooks used: SD1 (VI.A), N18 (VI.B.8), N21 (VI.B.20), N35 (VI.B.24), N42 (VI.B.31)

I.4§1.8++
Additional material for the marked transition 4 pages; 1936.
MS: missing
JJA: not reproduced
Notebooks used: N48 (VI.B.38)°

Proofs for Finnegans Wake I.4 (1939 FW 75-103)

I.4§1.9/2.9 (See also I.4§1.9χ and I.4§1.9+.)
Galleys 41-58 (first set) for Finnegans Wake; included here is a (duplicate) typescript of the overlay inscribed on this first set of galleys, of some overlay written on separate sheets and keyed to the galleys, of some late errata (also written on separate sheets), and (rarely) of some overlay for which the authorial holograph versions are missing or are found on the second set of galleys; in most cases the typescript is not keyed to this galley set; dated by the printer 12 March 1937 and received by Harriet Shaw Weaver 25 February 1938 (see Letters, I, 14 July, 6 August and NLFF, 18 December, 1937).
MS: BL 47476a, fols. (46r), 47r, 47v, 48r, 48v, 49r, 49v, 50r, 50v, 47476b, fols. 47476b, fol. 443r, 47476a, fols. 51r, 51v, 47476b, fols. 457r, 444r, 47476a, fols. 52r, 52v, 53r, 53v, 54r, 54v, 55r, 55v, 56r, 56v; 47488, fols. 258r, 258v; 47476b, fol. 446r, 47476a, fols. 57r, 57v, 58r, 59r, / (59r), 59v, 60r, 60v, 61r, 61v, 62r, 63r
JJA 50 (Book I Galleys, vol. i): 97-137, 141
Notebooks used: N51 (VI.B.44), N52 (VI.B.42), N53 (VI.B.46), VI.C.7, Sheets VIII

I.4§1.9χ
Predraft versions of some of the overlay on the above galley set; 1937.
MS: BL 47487, fol. (131r); 47476b, fols. 440r, (445r)
JJA 50 (Book I Galleys, vol. i):

I.4§1.9+
Duplicate (carbon) of fol. 457r; 1937.
MS: BL 47476b, fol. 458r
JJA 50 (Book I Galleys, vol. i):

I.4§1.10/2.10
Galleys (second set, duplicates) for Finnegans Wake; included here is a (duplicate) composite typescript of the overlay on the first set, of the overlay inscribed on this second set of galleys, and (rarely) of some overlay for which the authorial holograph versions are missing; some of the overlay on fols. 255r, 256r, and 259r is in the hand 4of an amanuensis; the typescript additions carried over from the first set are keyed to this galley set, but with a few exceptions, the new typescript additions are not; dated as the first set but received by Harriet Shaw Weaver 16 May 1938.
MS: BL 47476a, fols. (184v), 185r, (186r), 186v, 187r, 187v, 188r, 188v, 189r, 189v, 190r, 190v 191r, 192r, 192v, 193r, 193v, 194r, 194v, 195r, 195v, (195r), 196r, 196v, 197r, 197v, 198r, 198v, 199r, 200r, / (200r), 200v, 201r, 201v, (201r), 202r, 202v, 203r, 205r
JJA 50 (Book I Galleys, vol. i): 390-427, 433
Notebooks used: N51 (VI.B.44)°, N53 (VI.B.46), N54 (VI.B.45)

I.4§1.11
Addition for galley 42, also included in the typescript to the third set of galleys (below); 1938.
MS: BL 47476b, fol. (470r)
JJA 50 (Book I Galleys, vol. ii): 276

I.4§1.11/2.11 (See also I.4§1.11+ below.)
Galleys (third set, duplicates) for Finnegans Wake; included here is a (duplicate) composite typescript of the overlay on the first and second sets, of some late additions written on separate sheets, and (rarely) of some overlay for which the authorial holograph versions are missing; the typescript is keyed to this galley set; May 1938 (see Letters, NLFF, 23 May 1938.
MS: BL 47476b, fols. (333v), (335r), 335v, 336r, 336v, 337r, 337v, 338r, 338v, 339r, 339v, 340r, 341r, 341v, 342r, 342v, 343r, 343v, 344r, 344v, 345r, 345v, 346r, 346v, 347r, 347v, 348r, 349r, / (349r), 349v, 350r, 350v, 351r, 351v, 352r, 354r
JJA 50 (Book I Galleys, vol. ii): 102, 105-139, 143

Page proofs for I.4 (1939 FW 79-96)

I.4§1.12/2.12
Page proofs, first set; dated by the printer 2 August 1938 and 4 August 1938; returned to Faber and Faber mid-November (see Letters, NLPL 11 September, 28 September, 30 September and NLFF, 18 November, 1938).
MS: Tulsa, E 75-80, F 81-96, G 97-103
JJA 51 (Book I Galleys vol. ii): not reproduced

I.4§1.12+/2.12+
Page proofs, second set, no revisions were made at this draft stage; dated by the printer 29 November 1938.
MS: Tulsa, E' 75-80, F' 81-96, G' 97-103
JJA 51 (Book I Galleys vol. ii): not reproduced

Errata for I.4 (1939 FW 79-96)

I.4§1.13/2.13
Errata for Finnegans Wake, begun in 1939 (see Letters, NLFF, 22 July, NLPL 10 August, 19 August, and NLFF, 30 August, 1939), involving marking up an unbound copy of the first edition (minimal corrections only as the paging could not be redone), and completed in the summer of 1940 at Saint Gerand-le Puy. The corrections were then typed in duplicate (Buffalo VI.H.4.b, c) or triplicate and given to Maria Jolas on 28 August, 1940 for delivery in New York to B.W. Huebsch of the Viking Press. The third copy was presumably sent to Faber and Faber.
MS: Buffalo VI.H.4.a, pp. 75-96 [ → ]; Buffalo VI.H.4.b, fols. 5r, 6r, [ → ]; Buffalo VI.H.4.c, fols. 5r, 6r, [ → ]
JJA 51 (Book I Galleys vol. ii): not reproduced; 293-294; not reproduced